BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Kemer Yigit (University of Suleyman Demirel, Isparta, Turkey), Coskan Ali (University of Suleyman Demirel, Isparta, Turkey)
Tytuł
The Effects of Walnut Shell and Thyme Stalk Biochar on Pepper : Plant Parameters
Źródło
Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 2017, nr II/2, s. 737-746, rys., tab., bibliogr. 18 poz.
Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas
Słowa kluczowe
Biomasa, Zioła, Wyniki badań
Biomass, Herbs, Research results
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
The aim of this study is to determine the effects of biochar that obtained from walnut shell and thyme stalk on yield and biomass development of pepper plant. Biochar obtained by self-constructed oxygen-free reactor at 400 °C. According to experimental design, 2 different biochar raw materials (walnut shell and thyme stalk) at 3 different doses (0, 0.1 and 0.2% w/w) were evaluated in either with or without sulphur application (0 and 0.1% w/w). Results revealed that the all parameters tested were greatly influenced from raw material, biochar dose as well as sulphur applications. Significant differences were determined between the raw materials in which the biochar was made. According to mean values the walnut shell biochar provide 38% more shoot dry weight than thyme stalk biochar. These findings clearly indicate that although biochar almost consisted of carbon, all of the biochar are not the same, and depends on the raw material; biochar even can reduce plant growth. The effect of sulfur application was also significant, especially in the pots where biochar and sulfur were applied together. The lowest yield value was determined at control as well as 0.1% thyme stalk biochar applied pots as 34.2 and 33.4 g pot-1, respectively while the highest yield value was determined at 5 g walnut shell biochar and sulphur applied pot as 75.7 g pot-1. It has been determined that dose and efficiency studies should be performed for each raw material to determine optimal biochar source and doses. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Akbolat, D., K. Ekinci, C.S. Camcı, A. Coskan (2004) The Effect of Different Soil Tillage Systems on the Decompostion of Organic Matter in Soil, Suleyman Demirel University, Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences. 8(3), 152-160 (in Turkish)
  2. Brewer, C., E. (2012) Biochar characterization and engineering. PhD dissertation. Iowa State University, Ames, USA.
  3. Castaldi, S., Riondino, M., Baronti, S., Esposito, F.R., Marzaioli, R., Rutigliano, F.A., Vaccari, F.P., Miglietta, F. (2011) Impact of biochar application to a Mediterranean wheat crop on soil microbial activity and greenhouse gas fluxes. Chemosphere 85:1464-1471.
  4. Chan, K. Y., Xu, Z. (2010) Biochar: Nutrient Properties and Their Enhancement. In: J. Lehmann & S. Joseph (Eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. pp:67-84. London Earthscan. ISBN:184407658X/9781844076581.
  5. Coskan, A., M. Gök, K. Dogan (2006) Effects of Tobacco Waste Applications on Burned and Non-Burned Wheat Stubble on Biological N2 - Fixation and Yield, Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(3), 239-245. (in Turkish)
  6. Fidel, R. (2012) Evaluation and implementation of methods for quantifying organic and inorganic components of biochar alkalinity. MSc dissertation. Iowa State University, Ames, USA.
  7. Glaser, B., Lehmann, J. & Zech, W. (2002) Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal - a review. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35, 219-230.
  8. Kacar, B. and Inal, A. (2010) Plant Analyses Nobel Publisher, 1th Press, Ankara. ISBN: 9786053950363 (in Turkish)
  9. Laird, D., Fleming, P., Wang, B., Horton, R., Karlen, D. (2010) Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma. 158:436-442.
  10. LeCroy, C., Masiello, C.A., Rudgers, J.A., Hockaday, W.C., Silberg, J. (2013) Nitrogen, Biochar, and mycorrhizae: Alteration of the symbosis and oxidation of the char surface. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 58:248-254.
  11. Luo, Y., Durenkamp, M., DeNobili, M., Lin, Q., Brookes, P.C. (2011) Short term soil priming effects and mineralisation of Biochar following its incorporation to soils of different pH. Soil Bology & Biochemistry. 43:2304-2314.
  12. Prendergast-Miller, M.T., Duvall, M., Sohi, S.P. (2011) Localization of nitrate in the rhizosphere of Biochar-amanded soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 43:2243-2246.
  13. Schmidt, M.W.I. & Noack, A.G. (2000) Black carbon in soils and sediments: analysis, distribution, implications, and current challenges. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14, 777-793.
  14. Sohi, S., Krull, E., Lopez-Capel, E., Bol, R. (2010) A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. Advances in Agronomy. 105:47-82.
  15. Song W. & Guo, M. (2012) Quality variations of poultry litter biochar generated at different pyrolysis temperatures. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 94:138- 145.
  16. Sorrenti, G. and Toselli, M. (2016) Soil leaching as affected by the amendment with biochar and compost. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 226:56-64.
  17. Zavollini, C., Alberti, G., Biasiol, S., Vedove, G.D., Fornasier, F., Liu, J., Peressotti, A. (2011) Microbial mineralization of biochar and wheat straw mixture in soil: A short term study. Applied Soil Ecology. 50:45-51.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1732-5587
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.medra.org/10.14597/infraeco.2017.2.2.056
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu