BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Giddy Julia K. (University of Johannesburg, South Africa), Fitchett Jennifer M. (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa), Hoogendoorn Gijsbert (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Tytuł
Insight into American Tourists' Experiences with Weather in South Africa
Źródło
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 2017, No. 38, s. 57-71, rys., tab., bibliogr. 39 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Turystyka, Atrakcyjność turystyczna, Klimat
Tourism, Touristic attractiveness, Climate
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Afryka Południowa
South Africa
Abstrakt
Weather and climate are often important factors determining the success of a tourism destination and resultant satisfaction among tourists. This is particularly true for South Africa due the predominance of outdoor tourist attractions. Increasing numbers of international tourists have visited South Africa since the fall of apartheid, particularly those from the United States (U.S.), which is an important market for South African tourism. Therefore, this paper seeks to examine a sample of American tourists' experience with day-to-day weather and climatic conditions in South Africa. The results show that although respondents did not feel that climatic conditions were an important factor in motivations to visit the country, the day-to-day weather did often impact the enjoyment of their visit. Most notably, weather controlled their ability to participate in outdoor activities. In correlating accounts of unpleasant weather conditions with the meteorological records, a close association emerged, particularly for excessively high temperatures. This indicates that the experiences of American tourists are an accurate indication of climatic unsuitability for tourism, which poses threats to the South African outdoor tourism sector. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Becken S., 2013: Developing a framework for assessing resilience of tourism sub-systems to climatic factors. In: Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 43, pp.506-528. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2013.06.002
  2. Becken S. and Wilson J., 2013: The impacts of weather on tourist travel. In: Tourism Geographies, Vol. 15. No. 4, pp. 620-639. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2012.762541
  3. Day J. Chin N., Sydnor S. and Cherkauer K., 2013: Weather, climate, and tourism performance: A quantitative analysis. In: Tourism Management Perspectives, Vol. 5, pp. 51-56. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2012.11.001
  4. Easterling D.R., Meehl G.A., Parmesan C., Changnon S.A, Karl T.R. and Mearns L.O., 2000: Climate extremes: Observations, modeling, and impacts. In: Science, 289, pp. 2068-2074. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5487.2068
  5. Fitchett J., Grant B. and Hoogendoorn G., 2016: Climate change threats to two low-lying South African coastal towns: risks versus perceptions. In: South African Journal of Science, Vol. 112, No. 5/6, pp. 1-9. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2016/20150262
  6. Fitchett J., Hoogendoorn G. and Swemmer T., 2016: Economic costs of the 2012 floods on tourism in the Mopani District Municipality, South Africa. In: Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, Vol. 71, No. 2, pp. 187-194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0035919X.2016.1167788
  7. Giddy J.K. and Webb N.L., 2016: The influence of the environment on motivations to participate in adventure tourism: The case of the Tsitsikamma. In: South African Geographical Journal, Vol. 98, No. 2, pp. 351-366. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2015.1028990
  8. Hambira W.L. and Saarinen J., 2015: Policy-makers' perceptions of the tourism-climate change nexus: Policy needs and constraints in Botswana. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 350-362. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0376835X.2015.1010716
  9. Heroux L. and Church N.J., 1998: A comparative study of American tourists' perceptions of Canada and Mexico as travel destinations. In: Proceedings of the 1998 Multicultural Marketing Conference, New York: Springer, pp. 445-449. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17383-2_87
  10. Hoogendoorn G. and Fitchett J.M., 2016: Tourism and climate change: A review of threats and adaptation strategies for Africa. In: Current Issues in Tourism, pp. 1-19. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2016.1188893
  11. Hoogendoorn G., Grant B. and Fitchett J., 2016: Disjunct perceptions? Climate change threats in tow low-lying South African coastal towns. In: Szymańska D. and Rogatka K. editors, Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, Toruń: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Vol. 31, pp. 59-71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2016-0005
  12. IPK International, 2014: ITB World Travel Trends Report, Berlin.
  13. Jeuring J.H. and Peters K.B., 2013: The influence of the weather on tourist experiences Analysing travel blog narratives. In: Journal of Vacation Marketing, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 209-219. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1356766712457104
  14. Jönsson C. and Devonish D., 2008: Does nationality, gender, and age affect travel motivation? A case of visitors to the Caribbean Island of Barbados. In: Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, Vol. 25, No. 3-4, pp. 398-408. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10548400802508499
  15. Kim S.-S., Crompton J.L. and Botha C., 2000: Responding to competition: a strategy for Sun/Lost City, South Africa. In: Tourism Management, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 33-41. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(99)00094-1
  16. Llewellyn-Smith C. and McCabe V.S., 2008: What is the attraction for exchange students: The host destination or host university? Empirical evidence from a study of an Australian University. In: International Journal of Tourism Research, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 593-607. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jtr.692
  17. Mansfeld Y., Freundlich A. and Kutiel H., 2007: The relationship between weather and tourists' perceptions of comfort: The case of the Winter sun resort Eilat. In: Amelung B., Błażejczyk K., and Matzarakis A., editors, Climate Change and Tourism Assessment and Coping Strategies, Maasricht-Warsaw-Freiburg: Urban Climate, pp. 116-138.
  18. McPhaden M.J., 2015: Playing hide and seek with El Nino. In: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 5, No. 9, pp. 791-795. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2775
  19. Mladenov N., Gardner J.R., Nicholas E., Mbaiwa J.E., Mmopelwa G., and Strzepek K.M., 2007: The value of wildlife-viewing tourism as an incentive for conservation of biodiversity in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 409-423. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03768350701445525
  20. Peel M.C., Finlayson B.L. and Mcmahon T.A., 2007: Updated world map of the Koppen-Geiger climate classification. In: Hydrology and Earth System Science, Vol. 11, pp.1633-1644. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007
  21. Pizam A. and Jansen-Verbeke M., 1997: Are all tourists alike, regardless of nationality?. In: Journal of International Hospitality, Leisure and Tourism Management, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 19-38. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J268v01n01_03
  22. Preston-Whyte R.A. and Watson H.K., 2005: Nature tourism and climatic change in Southern Africa. In: Hall C.M. and Higham J.E.S., editors, Tourist Flows and Recreation Patterns, Bristol, U.K.: Channel View Publications, pp. 130-142.
  23. Reid H., Sahlen L., Stage J. and MacGregor J., 2007: The economic impact of climate change in Namibia: How climate change will affect the contribution of Namibia's natural resources to its economy. In: Environmental Economics Programme Discussion Paper 07-02, London: International Institute for Environment and Development, pp. 4-46.
  24. Rogerson C.M., 2016: Climate change, tourism and local economic development in South Africa. In: Local Economy, Vol. 31, No. 1-2, pp. 322-331. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0269094215624354
  25. Saarinen J. Hambira W.L., Atlhopheng J. and Manwa H., 2012: Tourism industry reaction to climate change in Kgalagadi South District, Botswana. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 273-285. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0376835X.2012.675697
  26. Saayman A. and Saayman M., 2008: Determinants of inbound tourism to South Africa. In: Tourism Economics, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 81-96. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5367/000000008783554893
  27. Schwartz T., 2016: Climate Data. In: p.climate-org. Available at: http://en.climate-data.org/country/61/ [Accessed May 13, 2016].
  28. Statistics South Africa, 2016: Statistical release: Tourism and migration. Statistics South Africa, Pretoria. Available at: http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/P0351/P0351February2016.pdf [Accessed March, 2016].
  29. Steyn J.N., 2012: Managing climate change impacts on tourism : Mitigating and adaptive strategies with special reference to the Western Cape Province of South Africa. In: African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 553-564.
  30. Steyn J.N. and Spencer J.P., 2012: Climate change and tourism: Implications for South Africa. In: African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 1-19.
  31. Tervo-Kankare K., Hall C.M. and Saarinen J., 2013: Christmas tourists' perceptions to climate change in Rovaniemi, Finland. In: Tourism Geographies, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 292-317. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2012.726265
  32. Tesfaye M., Sivakumar V., Botai J. and Mengistu Tsidu G., 2011: Aerosol climatology over South Africa based on 10 years of Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) data. In: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, No. D20216, pp. 1-17. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016023
  33. Tyson P.D. and Preston-Whyte R.A., 2000: The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Oxford Press Southern Africa.
  34. The World Bank, 2016: International tourism expenditures. Retrieved July 6, 2016, from http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ST.INT.XPND.CD?year_high_desc=true
  35. Vanegas M. and Croes R.R., 2000: Evaluation of demand : US Tourists to Aruba. In: Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp.946-963. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(99)00114-0
  36. Watts G., Battarbee R.W., Bloomfield J.P., Crossman J., Daccache A., Durance I., Elliott J.A., Garner G., Hannaford J., Hannah D.M., Hess T., Jackson C.R., Kay A.L., Kernan M., Knox J., Mackay J., Monteith D.T., Ormerod S.J., Rance J., Stuart M.E., Wade A.J., Wade S.D., Weatherhead K., Whitehead P.G. and Wilby R.L., 2015: Climate change and water in the UK: Past changes and future prospects. In: Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp.6-28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0309133314542957
  37. Weather Spark, 2016: Historical Weather for South Africa. p.weatherspark.com. Available at: https://weatherspark.com/history/stations/South Africa [Accessed April 22, 2016].
  38. Wilson J. and Latkova P., 2016: American tourists in Cuba: Is the communist country a forbidden or a tainted fruit?. In: Tourism and Hospitality Research, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.6-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1467358415578472
  39. Wolf J.B., 1991: A grand tour: South Africa and American tourists between the wars. In: Journal of Popular Culture, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 99-116. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3840.1991.2502_99.x
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1732-4254
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bog-2017-0034
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu