BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Zainol Noor Raihani (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kota Bharu, Malaysia), Mamun Abdullah Al (Global Entrepreneurship Research and Innovation Centre (GERIC), Kota Bharu, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan), Hassan Hasannuddin (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kota Bharu, Malaysia), Muniady Rajennd A/L (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kota Bharu, Malaysia)
Examining the effectiveness of micro-enterprise development programs in Malaysia
Journal of International Studies, 2017, vol. 10, nr 2, s. 292-308, tab., bibliogr. 106 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Efektywność, Mikroprzedsiębiorstwo, Rozwój przedsiębiorczości
Effectiveness, Micro-enterprise, Entrepreneurship development
Klasyfikacja JEL: O12
Different philosophical frameworks between China and the West found their reflection in diverging concepts of managing relations with the outside world. China focused more on circumstances, managing situation and preventing conflicts, the West was resolution oriented, aimed at fighting opponents and looking for victory in conflicts. China has introduced the idea of harmony-hierarchy world, while the West, on the opposite, tends to freedom-conflict patterns of relations. On China's side, thinking habits and old thought paradigms of statecraft are until now deeply ingrained in mentality, thus shaping China´s policy today. Understanding the background of Chinese traditional thinking modes and mind heritage helps better understanding of China´s rise in global affairs as well as of Sino-American relations as the key element in a search for global leadership. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Abdullah, M. A., & Manan, S. K. (2010). Adequacy of Financial Facilities for Small-Medium Businesses: Empirical Findings from Malaysia. International Review of Business Research Papers, 6(4), 535-548.
  2. Achtenhagen, L., Melin, L., & Naldi, L. (2013). Dynamics of Business Models Strategizing, Critical Capabilities and Activities for Sustained Value Creation. Long Range Planning 46(6), 427-442.
  3. Al Mamun, A. (2014). Investigating the Development and Effects of Social Capital through Participation in Group-based Microcredit Program in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, 26(1-2), 33-59.
  4. Ahmad, N. H., Halim, H. A., & Mohamed Zainal, S. R (2010). Is Entrepreneurial Competency the Silver Bullet for SME Success in a Developing nation?, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2(1), 217-236.
  5. Autant-Bernard, C., Fadairo, M., & Massard, N. (2013). Knowledge Diffusion and Innovation Policies within the European Regions: Challenges based on Recent Empirical Evidence. Research Policy, 42(1), 196-210.
  6. Bae, J., & Rowley, C. (2004). Macro and Micro Approaches in Human Resource Development: Context and Content in South Korea. Journal of World Business, 39(4), 349-361.
  7. Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of management, 77(1), 99-120.
  8. Becker, B. E., Huselid, M. A., & Ulrich, D. (2001). The HR Scorecard: Linking People, Strategy, and Performance. Brighton: Harvard Business Press.
  9. Bertulfo, L. (2011). Women and the Informal Sector. AusAID. Retrieved from: (24th July, 2016) Bhowmik, S. K (2005). Street vendors in Asia: a review. Economic and political weekly, 2256-2264.
  10. Bierly, P., & Chakrabarti, A. (1996). Generic Knowledge Strategies in the U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry. Strategic Management Journal, 17(70), 123-135.
  11. Borron, S., & Murray, K. (2004). Bridging the Unsustainability Gap, a Framework for Sustainable Development. Sustainable Development, 72(2), 65-73.
  12. Brush, M. C., & Ruse, D. H. (2005). Driving Strategic Success Through Human Capital Planning: How Corning Links Business and HR Strategy to Improve The Value and Impact of Its HR Function. Human Resource Planning, 28(1), 49-61.
  13. Bull, I., & Willard, G. E. (1993). Towards a Theory of Entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 8(3), 183-195. Camuffo, A., Gerli, F., & Gubitta, P. (2012). Competencies Matter: Modeling Effective Entrepreneurship in Northeast of Italy Small Firms: Cross Cultural Management. International Journal, 79(1), 48-66.
  14. Carmeli, A., & Tishler, A. (2004). The Relationships between Intangible Organizational Elements and Organizational Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 25, 1257-1278.
  15. Chandler, G. N., & Jansen, E. (1992). The Founder's Self-Assessed Competence and Venture Performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 7(3), 223-236.
  16. Cooper, A. C. (1993). Challenges in Predicting New Firm Performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 8(5), 241-253.
  17. Covin, J. G., & Slevin, D. P. (1991). A Conceptual Model of Entrepreneurship as Firm Behavior. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 16(l), 7-25.
  18. D'Aveni, R., Dagnino, G., & Smith, K. (2010). The age of temporary advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 51(13), 1371-1385. doi:
  19. Dencker, J. C., Gruber, M., & Shah, S. K. (2009). Pre-Entry Knowledge, Learning, and the Survival of New Firms. Organization Science, 20(3), 516-537.
  20. Donatus, O. (2010). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Psychological Traits: the Moderating Influence of Supportive Environment. Journal of Behavioral Studies in Business, 5(1). 1-16.
  21. Eyre, P., & Smallman, C. (1998). Euro-Management Competencies in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: A Development Path for the New Millennium?, Management Decision, 56(1), 34-42.
  22. Fairlie, R. W., & Robb, A. (2009). Why a Black-Owned Business Less Successful Than White-Owned Business? The Role of Families, Inheritances and Business Human Capital. Journal of Labor Economics, 25(2), 289-323.
  23. Floro, M., & Swain, R. (2013). Food Security, Gender, and Occupational Choice among Urban Low-Income Households. World Development, 42, 89-99.
  24. Fussel, H. M. (2007). Adaptation Planning for Climate Change: Concepts, Assessment Approaches, and Key Lessons. Sustainability Science, 2(2), 265-275.
  25. Gentry, W., & Hubbard, R. (2004). Entrepreneurship and Household Saving. Advances in Economic Analysis and Policy, 4(1), 1-55.
  26. Gibbs, R. (2005). Education as a Rural Development Strategy. Amber Waves, 5(5), 20-25.
  27. Habibullah, M.Z., & Eng, Y.K. (2006). Does financial development cause economic growth? a panel data dynamic analysis for Asian developing countries. Journal of the Asian Pacific Economy, 11 (4), 377-393.
  28. Hafizah, S., Ratna Roshida, A. R., Salfarina, A. G., & Zainal Abidin, S. (2011). Survival through Entrepreneurship: Determinants of Successful Micro-Enterprise in Balik Pulau, Penang Island, Malaysia. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 5(1), 23-37.
  29. Hair Jr, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2013). A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). Sage Publications.
  30. Hana, U. (2013). Competitive Advantage Achievement through Innovation and Knowledge. Journal of Competitiveness, 5(1), 82-96.
  31. Hawawini, G., Subramanian, V., & Verdin. P. (2003). Is Performance Driven by Industry or Firm-Specific Factors? A New Look at the Evidence. Strategic Management Journal, 24(1), 1-16.
  32. Hebert, R. F., & Link, A. N. (1989). In Search of the Meaning of Entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 1 (1), 3949.
  33. Hee, S. N., & Daisy, M. H. K. (2013). Effect of Entrepreneurial Competencies on Firm Performance under the Influence of Organizational Culture. Life Science Journal, 10(4), 2459-2466.
  34. Helfat, C. E., & Peteraf, M. A. (2015). Managerial Cognitive Capabilities and the Microfoundations of Dynamic Capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 56(6), 831-850.
  35. Hicks, R (2012). The Capability Approach: Insights for a new Poverty Focus. Journal of Social Policy, 41, 291-308.
  36. Hitt, M. A., Bierman, L., Uhlenbruck, K., & Shimizu, K. (2006). The Importance of Resources in the Internationalization of Professional Service Firms: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. Academy of Management Journal, 49(6), 1137-1157.
  37. Hunter, M. (2011). Perpetual Self-Conflict: Self-Awareness as a Key to our Ethical Drive, Personal Mastery and Perception of Entrepreneurial Opportunities. Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice, 5(2), 96-137.
  38. Hussain, D., & Zafar, Y. (2010). Micro-entrepreneurs: Motivations, Challenges and Success Factors, International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 56, 22-28.
  39. Jawahar, D., & Nigama, K. (2011). The Influence of Social Capital on Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition Behavior. International Journal of Economics and Management, 5(1), 351-368.
  40. Kaur, H., & Bains, A. (2013). Understanding the Concept of Entrepreneur Competency. Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research, 2(11), 31-33.
  41. Kozan, M. K., Oksoy, D., & Ozsoy, O. (2012). Owner Sacrifice and Small Business Growth. Journal of World Business, 47(3), 409-419.
  42. Kuchairi, A. A., & Nur Layali, M. A. K. (2015). Regional Course on Statistics on Informality: Informal Economy, Work and Employment. Country Report for Malaysia. Available from: population/1507 Informal.html (23.04.2016)
  43. Kraus, S., Rigtering, J. C., Hughes, M., & Hosman, V. (2012). Entrepreneurial Orientation and The Business Performance of SMEs: A Quantitative Study from The Netherlands. Review of Managerial Science, 6(2), 161-182.
  44. Kweka, J., & Fox, L. (2011). The Household Enterprise Sector in Tanzania. Why it Matters and Who Cares. Policy Research Working Paper. The World Bank African Region.
  45. Lehrer, E. (2004). Religiosity as a Determinant of Educational Attainment: The Case of Conservative Protestant Women in the United States. Review of Economics of the Household, 2(2), 203-219.
  46. Lloyd-Evans, S. (2008). Geographies of the Contemporary Informal Sector in the Global South: Gender, Employment Relationships and social Protection. Geography Compass, 2(6), 1885-906.
  47. Lockett, A., & Thompson, S. (2001). The resource-based view and economics. Journal of management, 27(6), 723-754.
  48. Mahmood, R., & Mohd Rosli, M. (2013). Microcredit position in micro and small enterprise performance: the Malaysian case. Management research review, 36(5), 436-453.
  49. Man, T. W., & Lau, T. (2000). Entrepreneurial Competencies of SME Owner/Managers in the Hong Kong Services Sector: A Qualitative Analysis. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 8(3), 235-254.
  50. Man, T. W. Y., Lau, T., & Chan, K. F. (2002). The Competitiveness of Small and Medium Enterprises: A Conceptualization with Focus on Entrepreneurial Competencies. Journal of Business Venturing, 17(2), 123-142.
  51. Martín-de Castro, G., Delgado-Verde, M., Navas-López, J. E., & Cruz-González, J. (2013). The Moderating Role of Innovation Culture in the Relationship between Knowledge Assets and Product Innovation. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80(2), 351-363.
  52. Mapp, T. & Moore, W. (2015). The informal economy and economic volatility. Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, 8(1-2), 185-200.
  53. Manaf, H. A. (2017). Impact of Microcredit Scheme on the Development of Entrepreneurship Skills among Low Income Households in a Developing Country Context. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7(1), 583-593.
  54. McClelland, D. C. (1987). Characteristics of Successful Entrepreneurs. Journal of Creative Behavior, 21(3), 219-233.
  55. McPherson, M. A. (1996). Growth of Micro and Small Enterprises in Southern African. Journal of Development Economics, 48(2), 253-277.
  56. Mead, D. C., & Liedholm, C. (1998). The Dynamics of Micro and Small Enterprises in Developing Countries. World Development, 26(1), 61-74.
  57. Mlinga, R. S., & Wells, J. (2002). Collaboration between Informal and Formal Enterprises in the Construction Sector in Tanzania. Habitat International, 26, 269-280.
  58. Monroe, S., Allen, K., & Price, C. (1996). The Impact Of Entrepreneurial Training Programs on Transitioning Workers: The Public Policy Implications. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research. Babson Kauffman Research Conference Proceedings. Retrieved from
  59. Moser, C. (1998). The Asset Vulnerability Framework: Reassessing Urban Poverty Reduction Strategies. World Development, 26(1), 1-19.
  60. Mura, P., & Tavakoli, R (2014). Tourism and social capital in Malaysia. Current Issues in Tourism, 17(1), 28-45.
  61. Nirathron, N. (2006). Fighting Poverty from the Street A Survey of Street Food Vendors in Bangkok. Bangkok: International Labour Office.
  62. Noruzy, A., Dalfard, V. M., Azhdari, B., Nazari-Shirkouhi, S., & Rezazadeh, A. (2012). Relations between Transformational Leadership, Organizational Leasing, Knowledge Management, Organizational Innovation and Organizational Performance: An Empiric Investigation of Manufacturing Firms. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 64(5-8), 1073-1085.
  63. Nurach, P., Thawesaengskulthai, D., & Chandrachai, A. (2012). Developing an Organization Competencies Framework for SME(s) in Thailand. Chinese Business Review, 11(2), 233-241.
  64. Okurut, F.N. (2008). Determinants of Microenterprise Performance in Uganda. ICFAI Journal of Agricultural Economics, 5(1), 77-87.
  65. Olssen, M., Codd, J., & O'Neill, A. (2004). Education policy: globalization, citizenship and democracy (1st ed.). London: Sage Publ.
  66. Pages, E. (2005). The Changing Demography of Entrepreneurship. Local Economy, 20(1), 93-97.
  67. Panda K. D. (2009), Participation in the Group Based Microfinance and its Impact on Rural Households: A Quasiexperimental Evidence from an Indian State, Global Journal of Finance and Management, 1(2), 171-183.
  68. Parast, M., & Adams, S. (2012). Corporate Social Responsibility, Benchmarking, and Organizational Performance in the Petroleum Industry: A Quality Management Perspective. International Journal of Production Economics, 139(2), 447-458.
  69. Parkman, I., Holloway, S., & Sebastiao, H. (2012). Creative Industries: Aligning Entrepreneurial Orientation and Innovation Capacity. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, 14(1), 95-114.
  70. Ployhart, R., Weekley, J., & Baughman, K (2006). The Structure and Function of Human Capital Emergence: A Multilevel Examination of the ASA model. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 661-677.
  71. Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive Advantage. New York: Free Press.
  72. Putnam, R (1993). The Prosperous Community: Social Capital and Public Life. American Prospect, 13, 35-42.
  73. Rahman, S., Rafiq, R. B. and Momen, M. A. (2009). Impact of Microcredit Programs on Higher Income Borrowers: Evidence from Bangladesh. International Business & Economics Research Journal, 8(2), 119-124.
  74. Rosa, P., Carter, S., & Hamilton, D. (1996). Gender as a Determinant of Small Business Performance: Insights from a British Study. Small Business Economics, 8(6), 463-478.
  75. Sambasivan, M., Lim, L. Y., Rose, R. C., & Abdul, M. (2010). Venture Performance in Malaysia: Personal Initiative, Human Capital, and Competency Areas of Founding Entrepreneurs as Critical Success Factors. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 23(3), 315-332.
  76. Schaltegger, S., Freund, F., & Hansen, E. (2012). Business Cases for Sustainability: The Role of Business Model Innovation for Corporate Sustainability. International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 6(2), 95-119.
  77. Schmidt, M., & Kolodinsky, J. (2007). Microenterprise Development Program Success: a Path Analysis of Factors that Lead to and Mediate Client Success. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 12(1), 47-69.
  78. Seo, J. (2005). Overcoming Economic Hardship: The Effects Of Human Capital And Social Capital (Ph.D). The Ohio State University.
  79. Servon, L., & Doshna, J. (2000). Microenterprise and Economic Development Toolkit: a Small Part of the Big Picture. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 5(3), 183-208.
  80. Sharma, A., Sapna, D., & Hatwal, V. (2012). Microenterprise Development and Rural Women Entrepreneurship: Way for Economic Empowerment. Journal of Economics and Management, 1(6), 114-127.
  81. Shenura,, S., Haile, A., & Negash, E. (2016). Prospects of Entrepreneurial Competencies of Micro and Small Enterprise in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. Global Journal Of Management And Business Research: B Economics And Commerce, 16(2), 1830.
  82. Simpson, M., Padmore, J., & Newman, N. (2012). Towards a New Model of Success and Performance in SMEs. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 18(3), 264-285.
  83. Simsek, Z. & Heavey, C. (2011). The Mediating Role of Knowledge-Based Capital for Corporate Entrepreneurship Effects On Performance: A Study of Small-to Medium-Sized Firms. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 5(1), 81-100.
  84. Siqueira, A. (2007). Entrepreneurship and Ethnicity: The Role of Human Capital and Family Social Capital. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 12(1), 31-46.
  85. Skrzeszewski, S. (2006). Knowledge Entrepreneur. Scarecrow Press.
  86. Snell, R., & Lau, A. (1994). Exploring Local Competences Salient for Expanding Small Businesses. Journal of Management Development, 13(4), 4-15.
  87. Snell, S. (1999). Social Capital and Strategic HRM: It's Who You Know. Human Resource Planning 22(1), 62-65.
  88. Sparrow, R., Poel, E., Hadiwidjaja, G., Yumna, A., Warda, N., & Suryahadi, A. (2014). Coping with the Economic Consequences of Ill Health in Indonesia. Health Economics, 23(6), 719-728.
  89. Spevaek, A. (2011). Promoting Female Sustainable Livelihoods (Employment and Entrepreneurship) in the Europe and Russia (E & E) Region. Usaid Knowledge Services Center (KSC), United States.
  90. Sullivan, D., & Marvel, M. (2011). Knowledge Acquisition, Network Reliance, and Early-Stage Technology Venture Outcomes. Journal of Management Studies, 48(6), 1169-1193.
  91. Sverke, M., Hellgren, J., & Näsvall, K. (2006). Job Insecurity: A literature review. Stockholm: National Institute for Working Life (Sweden). Retrieved March 2, 2017, from 01.pdf.
  92. Thompson, J., Stuart, R., & Lindsay, P. (1996). The Competence of Top Team Members: A Framework for Successful Performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 11 (3), 48-66.
  93. Tidd, J., Bessant, J., & Pavitt, K. (2006). Řízení Inovací - Zavádění Technologický Ch, Tržních A Organizačních Změn. Brno: Computer Press.
  94. Tipple, G. (2005). The Place of Home-Based Enterprises in the Informal Sector: Evidence from Cochabamba, New Delhi, Surabaya and Pretoria. Urban Studies, 42(4), 611-632.
  95. Tuyon, J., Bujang, I., & Jidwin, A. (2012). Government's Financial and Business Development Support for Microenterprises in Malaysia: Controversies and Policy Perspectives. Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, 8(1), 48-80.
  96. UNDP (2014). Study to support the development of national policies and programs to increase and retain the participation of women in the Malaysian labor force: key finding and recommendation. Retrieved from: empowerment/women-in-malaysian-labour-force-study-with-undp-2013.html.
  97. Verrest, H. (2013). Rethinking Micro-Entrepreneurship and Business Development Programs: Vulnerability and Ambition in Low-Income Urban Caribbean Households. World Development, 47(1), 58-70.
  98. Vial, V., & Hanoteau, J. (2015). Returns to Micro-Entrepreneurship in an Emerging Economy: A Quantile Study of Entrepreneurial Indonesian Households' Welfare. World Development, 74, 142-157.
  99. Wells, B., Pfantz, T., & Bryne, J. (2003). Russian Women Business Owners: Evidence of Entrepreneurship in A Transition Economy. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 8(1), 59-71.
  100. Williams, C., & Windebank, J. (2006). Harnessing the Hidden Enterprise Culture of Advanced Economies. International Journal of Manpower, 27(6), 535-551.
  101. Xiao, J. (2002). Determinants of salary growth in Shenzhen, China: an analysis of formal education, on-the-job training, and adult education with a three-level model. Economics of Education Review, 21 (6), 557-577.
  102. Yusuf, A. (1995). Critical Success Factors for Small Business: Perceptions of South Pacific Entrepreneurs. Journal of Small Business Management, 33(2), 68-73.
  103. Zack, M. H. (1999). Developing a Knowledge Strategy. California Management Review, 41(3), 125-145.
  104. Zahra, S. A., & Nambisan, S. (2012). Entrepreneurship and Strategic Thinking in Business Ecosystem. Business Horizons, 55, 219-229.
  105. Zemplinerová, A. (2010). Inovační Aktivita Firem a Konkurence. Politická Ekonomie, 58(6), 747-760.
  106. Zikmund, W. G. (2003). Business Research Methods, (7th edn). Thompson South-Western: Ohio.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu