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Autor
Basdew Myuri (University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa), Jiri Obert (University of Zimbabwe, South Africa), Mafongoya Paramu L. (University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa)
Tytuł
Integration of Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge in Climate Adaptation in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Źródło
Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, 2017, vol. 3, nr 1, s. 56-67, rys., tab., bibliogr. 17 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Klimat, Zmiany klimatyczne, Wyniki badań
Climate, Climate change, Research results
Uwagi
summ., The researchers would like to acknowledge financial support from the National Research Foundation (NRF), South Africa granted through the South Africa National Research Foundation Research Chair: Agronomy and Rural Development at University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.
Kraj/Region
Republika Południowej Afryki (RPA)
Republic of South Africa
Abstrakt
Indigenous knowledge has for generations assisted rural subsistence farming communities adapt to climate change and make daily decisions regarding agriculture. This study was conducted in the rural community of Swayimane, uMshwathi Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The main objective of the research was to determine the indigenous indicators used by rural farmers, identify the means through which seasonal climate information is disseminated and assess the strengths and weaknesses of indigenous and scientific knowledge. The other objective of the research was to evaluate the integration of indigenous and scientific weather forecasting. The research used 100 questionnaires which were administered to the subsistence farmers of the community. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were conducted with small groups of individuals. Results showed that majority of the indigenous indicators related to rainfall and seasonal predictions. Also, seasonal scientific climate information was mainly disseminated via television and radio. Local farmers highlighted that indigenous knowledge was essential in predicting seasonal changes and rainfall and scientific knowledge was not trusted. Indigenous knowledge is transmitted by oral tradition, from generation to generation and mainly among the elderly, and, thinly, to the younger generation. Scientific information was thought to be too technical and difficult to comprehend. It can be concluded that subsistence farmers were open to the integration of scientific and indigenous weather forecasting. They highlighted that it would improve decision making concerning their agricultural activities. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI). Climate Change and the Agricultural Sector. Climate and Impacts Factsheet Series 4, 2013.
  2. Jiri O., Mafongoya P., Chivenge P., Smallholder Farmer Perceptions on Climate Change and Variability: A Predisposition for their Subsequent Adaptation Strategies. Journal of Earth Science and Climate Change 6, 2015.
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  7. Elia E., Indigenous Knowledge Use in Seasonal Weather Forecasting in Tanzania: A Case of Central Semi-arid Tanzania. South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, 2014, 80, 18-27.
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  13. Reyes-García V., Fernández-Llamazares A., Gučze M., Garcés A., Mallo M., Vila-Gómez M., Vilaseca M., Local indicators of climate change: The potential contribution of local knowledge to climate research. Wiley Interdisciplinary Review of Climate Change, 2016, 7,1, 109-124.
  14. Kijazi A. L., Changa L. B., Liwenga E. T., Kanemba A., Nindi S. J., The Use of Indigenous Knowledge in Weather and Climate Prediction in Mahenge and Ismani Wards, Tanzania. Proceedings of the First Climate Change Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation Programme Scientific Conference. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2012.
  15. Nhemachena C., Mano R., Mudombi S., Muwanigwa V., Perceptions on Climate Change and its Impacts on Livelihood s in Hwange district, Zimbabwe. Journal of Disaster Risk Studies 6, 2014.
  16. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)., The Traditional Knowledge Advantage Indigenous peoples' Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies. Rome, Italy, 2016.
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ISSN
2300-3669
Język
eng
URI / DOI
https://doi.org/10.1515/cass-2017-0006
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