BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

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Autor
Szkiela Marta (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Kołcz Waldemar (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Milcarz Marek (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Gawron-Skarbek Anna (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Szatko Franciszek (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Kaleta Dorota (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi)
Tytuł
Postawy studentów medycyny na Ukrainie wobec palenia tytoniu jako czynnik decydujący o skutecznym zarządzaniu zdrowiem populacji
Attitudes of Medical Students in Ukraine towards Smoking as a Main Factor in the Effective Management of Health of the Population
Źródło
Przedsiębiorczość i Zarządzanie, 2016, t. 17, z. 10, cz. 3, s. 89-102, tab., bibliogr. 19 poz.
Entrepreneurship and Management
Tytuł własny numeru
Zarządzanie w zdrowiu publicznym - aspekty społeczne i ekonomiczne
Słowa kluczowe
Studenci, Personel medyczny, Palenie tytoniu, Zdrowie publiczne
Students, Medical staff, Smoking, Public health
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Ukraina
Ukraine
Abstrakt
Celem badania była analiza postaw i opinii ukraińskich studentów wydziału lekarskiego wobec zakazu palenia papierosów w miejscach publicznych, roli lekarza w procesie rzucania palenia oraz samoocena uzyskanych w czasie studiów praktycznych umiejętności w zakresie poradnictwa antytytoniowego. (fragment tekstu)

Aim of the study was the analysis of the attitudes and opinions the Ukrainian medical students on smoking ban in the public places, the role of the health provider in the process of quitting, and practical skills in anti-tobacco counseling obtained during studies. The Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) in Ukraine was conducted among 2973 medical students in 2010-2013. 33.8% of medical students declared current tobacco smoking, the half of students were exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke at home, and nearly 3/4 in public places. 77.6% of students supported the ban on smoking in all public places. More than 66% of students expressed the opinion that the physician plays an important role in shaping the attitudes of patients and anti-tobacco consueling, in addition, over 93% of students said that the physician plays an important role in providing quitting advice. Similarly about 66% of the students think that the patients have more chances to quit smoking if they are advised by health professional. Only 25.8% of students declared that they received specific training on smoking cessation techniques during their studies. In this group the chance of being smoker was significantly lower. In the group of students who opted for support for a smoking ban in all public places, risks of being a smoker was lower. There is a need to efficiently train and oblige students to participate in activities of anti-tobacco counseling, so that doctors can fully carry out its tasks in the future, not only therapeutic but also preventive. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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  1. Barbouni A., Hadjichristodoulou Ch., Merakou K., Antoniadou E., Kourea K., Miloni E. et al. (2012), Tobacco Use, Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, and Cessation Counseling Among Health Professions Students: Greek Data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), "Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health", 9: 331-342.
  2. Eriksen M., Mackay J., Ross H. (2012), The Tobacco Atlas Fourth Edition, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, and World Lung Foundation, New York.
  3. GATS (2010), Global Adult Tobacco Survey Poland [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/en_tfi_gats_poland_report_2010.pdf?ua=1, dostęp: 5 kwietnia 2016.
  4. GATS (2010), Global Adult Tobacco Survey Ukraine [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/en_tfi_gats_ukraine_report_2010.pdf?ua=1, dostęp: 5 kwietnia 2016.
  5. IARC (2004), Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Tobacco Smoke and Involuntary Smoking, Volume 83, Lyon, France.
  6. IARC (2012), Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Personal Habits and Indoor Combustions, a Review of Human Carcinogens, Volume 100 E, Lyon, France.
  7. Keshavarz H., Jafari A., Khami M.R., Virtanen J.I. (2013), Passive Smoking and Attitudes towards Tobacco Control Programs among Iranian Dental Students, "Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention", 14: 3635-3639.
  8. La Torre G., Kirch W., Bes-Rastrollo M., Ramos R.M., Czaplicki M., Gualano M.R. et al. (2012), Tobacco use among medical students in Europe: Results of a multicentre study using the Global Health Professions Student Survey,"Public Health", 126: 159-164.
  9. Musskopf M.L., Fiorini T., Haddad D.C., Susin C. (2014), Tobacco use and smoking cessation among third-year dental students in southern Brazil, "International Dental Journal", 64: 312-317.
  10. Oberg M., Jaakkola M.S., Woodward A., et al. (2011), Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries, "Lancet", 377: 139-146.
  11. Saulle R., Bontempi C., Baldo V., Boccia G., Bonaccorsi G., Brusaferro S. et al. (2013), GHPSS multicenter Italian survey: smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training among third-year medical students, "Tumori", 99: 17-22.
  12. Sinha D.N., Rinchen S., Palipudi K.M., Nang Naing S., de Silva P., Khadka B.B. et al. (2012), Tobacco use, exposure to second-hand smoke, and cessation training among the third-year medical and dental students in selected Member States of South-East Asia region: A trend analysis on data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey, 2005-2011, "Indian Journal of Cancer", 49(4): 379-386.
  13. Sinha D.N., Singh G., Gupta P.C., Pednekar M., Warrn C.W., Asma S., Lee J. (2010), Linking India Global Health Professions Student Survey data to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, "Indian Journal of Cancer", Jul; 47 Suppl 1: 30-34
  14. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2014), The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General, Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.
  15. Warren Ch. W., Sinha D.N., Lee J., Lea V., Jones N., Asma Samira (2011), Tobacco Use, Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, and Cessation Counseling Training of Dental Students Around the World, "Journal of Dental Education", 75(3): 385-405.
  16. Warren Ch.W., Sinha D.N., Lee J., Lea V., Jones N.R. (2011), Tobacco use, exposure to secondhand smoke, and cessation counseling among medical students: cross-country data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), 2005-2008, "BMC Public Health", 11(72): 1-16 [online] http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/72, dostęp: 5 kwietnia 2016.
  17. WHO (2008), Report on the global tobacco epidemic 2008. The MPOWER package, World Health Organization, Geneva [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/2008/en/, dostęp: 5 kwietnia 2016.
  18. WHO (2011), Report on the global tobacco epidemic 2011 Warning about the dangers of tobacco, World Health Organization, Genewa [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/2011/en/index.html, dostęp: 5 kwietnia 2016.
  19. WHO (2013), Report on the global tobacco epidemic 2013 Enforcing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, World Health Organization, Geneva [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/2013/en/index.html, dostęp: 5 kwietnia 2016.
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ISSN
1733-2486
Język
pol
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