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Autor
Kołcz Waldemar (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Kaleta Dorota (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Hubert-Lutecka Agnieszka (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Garus-Pakowska Anna (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Polańska Kinga (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi)
Tytuł
Attitudes of Medical Students Towards Smoking as a Factor in the Effective Management of Health of the Population - Global Health Professions Student Survey, Poland
Źródło
Przedsiębiorczość i Zarządzanie, 2016, t. 17, z. 10, cz. 3, s. 103-116, tab., bibliogr. 16 poz.
Entrepreneurship and Management
Tytuł własny numeru
Zarządzanie w zdrowiu publicznym - aspekty społeczne i ekonomiczne
Słowa kluczowe
Palenie tytoniu, Zdrowie publiczne, Studenci, Personel medyczny, Wyniki badań
Smoking, Public health, Students, Medical staff, Research results
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
Introduction and objective: Healthcare professionals (HP) play a key role in the antitobacco counseling. The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence and attitudes towards tobacco cessation training among medical students, and to evaluate their impact on the smoking status of the students.
Material and methods: The Global Health Professions Student Survey was conducted among 389 dental and 1164 medical students in Poland in 2010.
Results: 33% of the dental and 26% of the medical students declared current tobacco smoking. More than 73% of them were in favour of banning smoking in public places and more than 85% believed that HP had a role in providing anti-smoking advice to their patients. In addition, about 75% of the students thought that the patients have more chances to quit smoking if advised to do so by a HP. Only 23% of the dental students and 27% of the medical students declared that they had received specific training on smoking cessation techniques during their studies. The students who were in favour of a smoking ban in public places and those who believed that HP had a role in providing advice to patients appeared to have a lower probability of being smokers (OR=0,5 and OR=0,4; p<0.05). The risk of being a smoker was higher among the students who declared that they had received formal training in smoking cessation approaches to use with patients during their medical school training (OR=2.2 among dental and OR=1.6 among medical students, p<0,05). Conclusions: There is a need to adopt a standard undergraduate curriculum containing comprehensive tobacco control and cessation training to improve HP effectiveness as role models. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Agaku I.T., Ayo-Yusuf O.A., Connolly G.N. (2014),Tobacco Cessation Training Among Dental and Other Health Professions Students in Eight Low - and Middle-Income Countries, "J. Dent. Educ.", 78(1): 75-84.
  2. Barbouni A., Hadjichristodoulou Ch., Merakou K., Antoniadou E., Kourea K., Miloni E., et al. (2012), Tobacco Use, Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, and Cessation Counseling Among Health Professions Students: Greek Data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), "Int. J. Environ Res. Public. Health", 9: 331-342.
  3. Eriksen M., Mackay J., Ross H. (2012), The Tobacco Atlas Fourth Edition. Atlanta GA, American Cancer Society, World Lung Foundation, New York.
  4. IARC (2004), Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Tobacco Smoke and Involuntary Smoking, Lyon, France, volume 83.
  5. IARC (2012), Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Personal habits and indoor combustions A review of human carcinogens, Lyon, France. volume 100 E.
  6. Keshavarz H., Jafari A., Khami M.R., Virtanen J.I. (2013), Passive Smoking and Attitudes towards Tobacco Control Programs among Iranian Dental Students, "Asian. Pac. J. Cancer Prev.", 14: 3635-3639.
  7. La Torre G., Kirch W., Bes-Rastrollo M., Ramos R.M., Czaplicki M., Gualano M.R., et al. (2012), Tobacco use among medical students in Europe: Results of a multicentre study using the Global Health Professions Student Survey, "Public Health.", 126: 159-164.
  8. Ministry of Health (2010), Global Adult Tobacco Survey http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/en_tfi_gats_poland_report_2010.pdf [20 sierpnia 2015].
  9. Musskopf M.L., Fiorini T., Haddad D.C., Susin C. (2014), Tobacco use and smoking cessation among third-year dental students in southern Brazi, "Int. Dent. J.", 64: 312-317.
  10. Saulle R., Bontempi C., Baldo V., Boccia G., Bonaccorsi G., Brusaferro S., et al. (2013), GHPSS multicenter Italian survey: smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training among third-year medical students, "Tumori", 99: 17-22.
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  12. Sinha D.N., Rinchen S., Palipudi K.M., Nang Naing S., de Silva P., Khadka B.B., et al. (2012), Tobacco use, exposure to second-hand smoke, and cessation training among the third-year medical and dental students in selected Member States of South-East Asia region: A trend analysis on data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey, 2005-2011, "Indian J. Cancer.", 49(4): 379-386.
  13. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, (2014), The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General, Atlanta, GA: U.S.
  14. Warren Ch.W., Sinha D.N., Lee J., Lea V., Jones N.R. (2011), Tobacco use, exposure to secondhand smoke, and cessation counseling among medical students: cross-country data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), 2005-2008, "BMC Public Health.", 11(72): 1-16.
  15. Warren Ch.W., Sinha D.N., Lee J., Lea V., Jones N., Asma S. (2011), Tobacco Use, Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, and Cessation Counseling Training of Dental Students Around the World, "J. Dent. Educ.", 75(3): 385-405.
  16. World Health Organization (2008), WHO Report on the global tobacco epidemic 2008, The MPOWER package Geneva, http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/2008/en/index.html 17 kwietnia 2015.
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ISSN
1733-2486
Język
eng
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