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Łapiński Sebastian (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Kopcińska Joanna (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Sęk Marta (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Niedzin Mirosław (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Kaleta Dorota (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi)
The Impact of the Legislation in the Field of Tobacco Control for the Effective Management of Health of the Population of Working Age
Przedsiębiorczość i Zarządzanie, 2016, t. 17, z. 10, cz. 3, s. 117-133, tab., bibliogr. 25 poz.
Entrepreneurship and Management
Tytuł własny numeru
Zarządzanie w zdrowiu publicznym - aspekty społeczne i ekonomiczne
Słowa kluczowe
Palenie tytoniu, Zdrowie publiczne
Smoking, Public health
Background: Involuntary exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) possess serious health hazards and still occurs in workplaces. In order to provide an insight into factors associated with exposure to ETS of non-smoking indoor employees we utilized data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS).
Materials and Methods: GATS is a representative, cross-sectional survey conducted in Poland between 2009-2010. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the associations of selected variables with ETS exposure.
Results: The final sample used in this study consisted of 1733 men and 1460 women who worked in an indoor area outside the home. The prevalence of exposure to ETS was 32.2% among non-smoking male and 20.0% among female employees. Low educational attainment and being a blue collar worker was negatively associated with ETS exposure risk in both genders. In blue collar workers the likelihood of being exposed to ETS was about 50% higher compared to white collar workers. Increased odds for ETS at worksite in men was also associated with low level of support for tobacco control policies. Among women being less aware of negative health effects of smoking and ETS was significantly associated with higher odds of being exposed to passive smoking at worksite.
Conclusions: These findings provide evidence that many of non-smoking workers in Poland are exposed to ETS during their working day. This should encourage employers to create a completely smoke-free environment and urge policy makers to enforce comprehensive smoke-free laws that prohibit smoking in all indoor areas without exemptions. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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