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Autor
Niezabitowska-Kowalczyk Nina (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Szkiela Marta (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Milcarz Marek (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Łapiński Sebastian (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi), Kaleta Dorota (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi)
Tytuł
Postrzeganie przez studentów roli lekarza w procesie rzucania palenia jako czynnik decydujący o skutecznym zarządzaniu zdrowiem populacji
The Perception of the Role of the Physitian in the Process of Quitting Smoking as an Important Factor in the Effective Management of Health of the Population
Źródło
Przedsiębiorczość i Zarządzanie, 2016, t. 17, z. 10, cz. 3, s. 147-158, tab., bibliogr. 17 poz.
Entrepreneurship and Management
Tytuł własny numeru
Zarządzanie w zdrowiu publicznym - aspekty społeczne i ekonomiczne
Słowa kluczowe
Palenie tytoniu, Studenci, Personel medyczny, Zdrowie publiczne
Smoking, Students, Medical staff, Public health
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Hiszpania
Spain
Abstrakt
Celem badania była analiza postaw hiszpańskich studentów kierunku lekarskiego dotyczących zakazu palenia papierosów w miejscach publicznych, roli lekarza w procesie rzucania palenia oraz praktycznych umiejętności w zakresie poradnictwa antytytoniowego uzyskanych w czasie studiów. Szczególną uwagę zwrócono na analizę zależności pomiędzy powyższymi zmiennymi, a statusem palenia papierosów przez studentów. (fragment tekstu)

Aim of the study was the analysis of the attitudes and opinions the Spanish medical students on smoking ban in the public places, the role of the health provider in the process of quitting, and practical skills in anti-tobacco counseling obtained during studies. The Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) in Spain was conducted among 920 medical students in 2010. 21.0% of medical students declared current tobacco smoking, 33.3% of students were exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke at home, and nearly 3/4 in public places. 76.2% of students supported the ban on smoking in all public places. More than half of students expressed the opinion that the physician plays an important role in shaping the attitudes of patients and anti-tobacco consueling, almost all (97.1%) of students said that the physician plays an important role in providing quitting advice. Similarly about 74% of the students think that the patients have more chances to quit smoking if they are advised by health professional. Only 15.8% of students declared that they received specific training on smoking cessation techniques during their studies. In this group the chance of being smoker was significantly lower. In the group of students who opted for support for a smoking ban in all public places, risks of being a smoker was lower. There is a need to efficiently train and oblige students to participate in activities of anti-tobacco counseling, so that doctors can fully carry out its tasks in the future, not only therapeutic but also preventive. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Eriksen M., Mackay J., Ross H. (2012), The Tobacco Atlas Fourth Edition, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, and World Lung Foundation, New York.
  2. IARC (2004), Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Tobacco Smoke and Involuntary Smoking, Volume 83, Lyon, France.
  3. IARC (2012), Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Personal Habits and Indoor Combustions, a Review of Human Carcinogens, Volume 100 E, Lyon, France.
  4. La Torre G., Kirch W., Bes-Rastrollo M., Ramos R.M., Czaplicki M., Gualano M.R. et al. (2012), Tobacco use among medical students in Europe: Results of a multicentre study using the Global Health Professions Student Survey, "Public Health", 126: 159-164.
  5. Musskopf M.L., Fiorini T., Haddad D.C., Susin C. (2014), Tobacco use and smoking cessation among third-year dental students in southern Brazil, "International Dental Journal", 64: 312-317.
  6. Saulle R., Bontempi C., Baldo V., Boccia G., Bonaccorsi G., Brusaferro S. et al. (2013), GHPSS multicenter Italian survey: smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training among third-year medical students, "Tumori", 99: 17-22.
  7. Sinha D.N., Rinchen S., Palipudi K.M., Nang Naing S., de Silva P., Khadka B.B. et al. (2012), Tobacco use, exposure to second-hand smoke, and cessation training among the third-year medical and dental students in selected Member States of South-East Asia region: A trend analysis on data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey, 2005-2011, "Indian Journal of Cancer", 49(4): 379-386.
  8. Sinha D.N., Singh G., Gupta P.C., Pednekar M., Warrn C.W., Asma S., Lee J. (2010), Linking India Global Health Professions Student Survey data to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, "Indian Journal of Cancer", 47(Suppl 1): 30-34.
  9. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2014), The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General, Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.
  10. Oberg M., Jaakkola M.S., Woodward A., et al. (2011), Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries, "Lancet", 377: 139-146.
  11. Warren Ch. W., Sinha D.N., Lee J., Lea V., Jones N., Asma Samira (2011), Tobacco Use, Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, and Cessation Counseling Training of Dental Students Around the World, "Journal of Dental Education", 75(3): 385-405.
  12. Warren Ch.W., Sinha D.N., Lee J., Lea V., Jones N.R. (2011), Tobacco use, exposure to secondhand smoke, and cessation counseling among medical students: cross-country data from the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), 2005-2008, BMC Public Health, 11(72): 1-16 [online] http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/72, dostęp: 5 kwietnia 2016.
  13. WHO (2008), Report on the global tobacco epidemic 2008. The MPOWER package, World Health Organization, Geneva, [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/2008/en/, dostęp: 8.08.2016.
  14. WHO (2011), Report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2011. Warning about the dangers of tobacco, World Health Organization, Geneva, [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/2011/en/index.html, dostęp: 8.08.2016.
  15. WHO (2012), Current Tobacco Smoking for Adult. Spain, World Health Organization [online], http://data.euro.who.int/tobacco/Sites/CountryTimelineChart.aspx?countryId=49, dostęp: 8.08.2016.
  16. WHO (2013), Report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2013. Enforcing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, World Health Organization, Geneva, [online] http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/2013/en/index.html, dostęp: 8.08.2016.
  17. WHO (2011), Data on exposure to second-hand smoke, World Health Organization [online], http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/tobacco/news/news/2011/01/4-countries-release-data-on-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke, dostęp: 8.08.2016.
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ISSN
1733-2486
Język
pol
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