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Autor
Ucieklak-Jeż Paulina (Akademia im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie), Bem Agnieszka (Akademia im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie)
Tytuł
Women's Physical Activity as a Determinant of Health Care Expenditures
Aktywność fizyczna kobiet jako wyznacznik wydatków na opiekę zdrowotną
Źródło
Prace Naukowe Akademii im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie. Pragmata Tes Oikonomias, 2015, z. 9, s. 173-188, bibliogr. 48 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Opieka zdrowotna, Koszty ochrony zdrowia, Kobieta, Finanse służby zdrowia, Aktywność fizyczna
Health care, Health costs, Woman, Health care finance, Physical activity
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Abstrakt
Aktywność fizyczna jest uważana za istotny aspekt zdrowego stylu życia. Mimo że jest ona tylko jednym z elementów zdrowego stylu życia, brak aktywności fizycznej jest silnie związany z występowaniem chorób przewlekłych. W pracy omówiony został problem relacji między aktywnością fizyczną (w tym zajęć sportowych zawodowych) a subiektywnym stanem zdrowia kobiet. Założono, że lepszy stan zdrowia powinien znaleźć odzwierciedlenie w częstotliwości wykorzystania świadczeń zdrowotnych. Postawiono trzy hipotezy badawcze: H1: aktywność fizyczna wydłuża długość życia w dobrym zdrowiu; H2: aktywne fizycznie kobiety są mniej skłonne do korzystania z usług zdrowotnych; H3: aktywne fizycznie kobiety generują niższe koszty systemu opieki zdrowotnej. Przebadano 400 kobiet w wieku 40-60 lat. Pytania obejmowały: sport (uprawiany obecnie i w przeszłości), samoocenę stanu zdrowia, wykorzystanie usług zdrowotnych i wydatki out-of-pocket. W następnym etapie przeprowadzono analizę korelacji pomiędzy aktywnością sportową i wydatkami na opiekę zdrowotną.(abstrakt oryginalny)

Physical activity is considered to be an essential part of a healthy lifestyle. Although physical activity is only one of the components of a healthy lifestyle, lack of physical activity is strongly linked to the incidence of chronic diseases. The paper deals with the problem of the relationship between physical activity (including professional sports activities) and women's subjective state of health. We have assumed that the better state of health should be reflected in frequency and structure of use of health benefits, and, as a result - costs of health care. We have posed three research hypotheses: H1: physical activity extends life expectancy in good health; H2: physically active women are less likely to use health services; H3: physically active women generate lower costs in the health system. We surveyed 400 women of 40-60 years of age. The questions included: sport activity present and in the past, self-assessment of the state of health, healthcare services utilization and out-of-pocket spendings. In the next step we conducted an analysis of correlation between sport activity and healthcare use and expenditures. We have found out that contrary to our expectations physically active women are more frequent users of the second level (specialised care) of the healthcare sector. MeSH: Fees and Charges, Social Determinants of Health, Women's Health, sports, Life Expectancy.(original abstract)
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ISSN
2300-2999
Język
eng
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