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Autor
Liberda Barbara (University of Warsaw, Poland), Zajkowska Olga (Warsaw University of Life Sciences)
Tytuł
Innovation and Entrepreneurship Policies and Gender Equity
Polityki dotyczące innowacji i przedsiębiorczości a równość płci
Źródło
International Journal of Contemporary Management, 2017, vol. 16, nr 1, s. 37-59, rys., bibliogr. 88 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Polityka, Przedsiębiorczość, Innowacje, Nierówność płci, Narodowy system innowacji
Politics, Entrepreneurship, Innovations, Gender inequality, National innovation system
Uwagi
summ., streszcz., Authors gratefully acknowledge the funding support from the INNOGEND project funded from EEA and Norway Grants in the Polish-Norwegian Research Program operated by the National Centre for Research and Development
Abstrakt
Tło badań. Nierówności ze względu na płeć hamują wzrost gospodarczy zmniejszając pulę potencjalnych talentów poprzez hamowanie dostępu jednej płci do edukacji, zatrudnienia, przedsiębiorczości i tworzenia innowacji. Badania nad politykami dotyczącymi przedsiębiorczości, innowacji i płci mają ogromne znaczenie dla wyboru najlepszej kombinacji polityk w celu zmniejszenia strat dobrobytu wynikających z nierówności płci.
Cel badań. Celem niniejszej pracy jest zbadanie, w jaki sposób polityki odnoszące się do innowacji i przedsiębiorczości w Europie podejmują kwestię równości płci. Pytanie, które stawiamy, to: czy polityki dotyczące przedsiębiorczości i innowacji są ukierunkowane na równość płci, neutralne pod względem płci, czy pośrednio dyskryminujące ze względu na płeć?
Metodyka. Skupiamy się na wspólnym obszarze obejmującym innowacje, przedsiębiorczość i równość płci. Analizujemy modele systemów innowacji: Narodowe Systemy Innowacji, Modele Potrójnej Helisy i Poczwórnej Helisy, i omawiamy, czy podejmują one kwestie równości płci w innowacjach.
Kluczowe wnioski. Twierdzimy, że w politykach odnoszących się do innowacji i przedsiębiorczości brakuje perspektywy płci. Polityki dotyczące innowacji w Europie nakierowane są na gałęzie przemysłu z przewagą mężczyzn w zatrudnieniu. Konkludujemy, że polityki w zakresie przedsiębiorczości i innowacji, oparte na naukowych dowodach, powinny uwzględniać równość płci jako swoją cechę strukturalną. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Background. Gender inequality hinders economic growth by lowering the pool of potential talents for production, through distorted access of one gender to education, employment, entrepreneurship, and creation of innovation. Research on policies on entrepreneurship, innovation and gender is of great importance for deciding on the best policy mix to diminish losses of welfare due to gender inequality.
Research aims. The aim of this paper is to examine how the policies towards innovation and entrepreneurship in Europe address the issue of gender equality. The question we put is whether entrepreneurship-targeting and innovation-targeting policies are gender-oriented, gender-neutral, or gender-indirect-discriminating.
Methodology. Our focus is on the intersection of the areas of innovations, entrepreneurship, and gender. We analyse models of innovation systems: National Innovation Systems, Tripple Helix, and Quadruple Helix Models and discuss if they address gender equality in innovations.
Key findings. We claim that a gender perspective is missing in policies towards innovation and entrepreneurship. Innovation policies in Europe target mostly male-dominated industries. The paper concludes that science-based policies on entrepreneurship and innovation should incorporate gender equality as their structural feature. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2449-8920
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4467/24498939IJCM.17.002.7046
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