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Autor
Enomoto Carl E. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, U.S.A.), Geisler Karl R. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, U.S.A.)
Tytuł
Culture and Plane Crashes : a Cross-Country Test of The Gladwell Hypothesis
Źródło
Economics & Sociology, 2017, vol. 10, nr 3, s. 281-293, tab., bibliogr. 13 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Wypadki lotnicze, Kultura, Korelacja
Plane accidents, Culture, Correlation
Uwagi
Klasyfikacja JEL: Z1, Z13
summ.
Abstrakt
Early studies found evidence of a positive correlation between Hofstede's power distance scores, which measure the extent to which those without power defer to those with it, and plane accidents in different countries. However, these studies did not control for the level of economic activity (Gross Domestic Product-GDP) and severe weather conditions in these countries. This paper uses regression analysis to estimate the effects of number of flights, GDP, severe weather conditions, and culture on plane crashes in sixty eight countries. It is found that per-capita GDP and country scores on the cultural dimension of individualism are inversely related to plane accidents while power distance scores and number of flights are directly related to plane accidents. Continued training for pilots and copilots in direct cockpit communication can help overcome cultural barriers and reduce plane accidents. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Boeing Commercial Airplane Company (1993). Accident Prevention Strategies: Removing Links in the Accident Chain. Seattle, WA.
  2. Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success. New York, Boston, London: Little, Brown and Company.
  3. Gorodnichenko, Y., & Roland, G. (2011). Which dimensions of culture matter for long-run growth? American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 101(3), 492-498.
  4. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture's consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  5. Hutchins, E., Holder, B. E. & Perez, R. A. (2002). Culture and fight deck operations. University of California San Diego, Sponsored Research Agreement 22-5003. Available at: http://hci.ucsd.edu/media/uploads/hci_papers/EH2002-2.pdf
  6. Jing, H-S., Lu, C. J. & Peng, S-J. (2001). Culture, authoritarianism and commercial aircraft accidents. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety, 1(4), 341-359.
  7. Luers, J., & Haines, P. (1983). Heavy Rain Influence on Airplane Accidents. Journal of Aircraft, 20(2), 187-191.
  8. OECD (2013). International Transport Forum: Spending on Transport Infrastructure 1995- 2011. Trends, Policies, Data.
  9. Phillips, D. (1994). Culture may play role in flight safety - Boeing study finds higher aviation accident rates among nations where individualism not the norm. The Seattle Times, August 22.
  10. Soeters, J. L., & Boer, P. C. (2000). Culture and flight safety in military aviation. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 10(2), 111-133.
  11. Strauch, B. (2010). Can cultural differences lead to accidents? Team cultural differences and sociotechnical system operations. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 52(2), 246-263.
  12. Shappell, S.A., & Wiegmann, D.A. (1997). A Human Error Approach to Accident Investigation: The Taxonomy of Unsafe Operations. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 7(4), 269-291.
  13. Wu, M. (2006). Hofstede's cultural dimensions 30 years later: A study of Taiwan and the United States. Intercultural Communication Studies, XV(1), 33-41.
Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2071-789X
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.14254/2071-789X.2017/10-3/20
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