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Mokrzycka Anna (Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum), Kowalska Iwona (Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum)
Prawa dostępu osób niepełnosprawnych do internetu i innych narzędzi cyberprzestrzeni : przykład analizy potencjalnego skutku zdrowotnego (HIA)
Disabled Persons Right to Internet and Other Cyberspace Tools Access : Health Impact Assessment Analysis Example
Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarządzanie, 2015, t. 13, nr 3, s. 252-262, rys., bibliogr. 11 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Internet, Osoby niepełnosprawne, Wykluczenie cyfrowe
Internet, Disabled people, Digital divide
Zasadniczym celem opracowania jest wstępne zidentyfikowanie i wskazanie zakresu badań dotyczących potencjalnego skutku zdrowotnego (HIA) w związku z działaniami na rzecz realizacji prawa dostępu do internetu i szeroko rozumianej cyberprzestrzeni z jej różnorodnymi technologiami i instrumentami.(fragment tekstu)

The main purpose of the paper is the preliminary identification and indication of the research scope in regard to the Internet access and its potential health effects in case of disabled persons. The problem has a specific meaning for this selected group of people due to the key importance of the tools and possibilities offered by cyberspace to those who suffer from different barriers in communication with the external world. The main assumptions focuses on the statement that such impact may influence significantly health of the disabled persons in the wellbeing perspective, including the possibly wide social participation as well as the full execution of the fundamental rights. Internet and cyberspace instruments accessibility creates the conditions that to a great extent may improve the situation of disabled persons regarding complex health issues but there are still very rare studies helping to assess the scale of such an impact. Moreover, the right to Internet inclusion into the list of the list of so called V-th Generation of Human Rights with the reasoning focused on this particular right indicated as the pre-condition to the other rights performance, proves its very importance in the context of hereby described problem. Wellbeing of disabled persons refers to the general condition (status), also in a very subjective perspective, that may be quite specific in case of disabled persons. It may not refer to the traditional health measurement/ evaluation but to methods and means of social inclusion, understood as wide as possible, with all the instruments and fields regarding social participation, namely: political freedom and rights, economy, consumer rights, education, labor market, culture etc. The paper constitutes also an attempt of a description and analysis focused on the contemporarily growing problems related to technological progressive development and to the so called cyber disability as a result of the process.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Bulenda T., Zabłocki J., Ludzie niepełnosprawni a prawo ?, Wydawnictwo Instytutu Filozofii i Socjologii PAN, Warszawa 1994.
  2. "Creating an Innovative Europe", Report of the Independent Expert Group on R&D and Innovation appointed following the Hampton Court Summit and chaired by Mr Esko Aho, January 2006,; dostęp: 10.02.2009.
  3. Batorski D., O cyfrowym wykluczeniu i potrzebie e-Integracji. Ubóstwo i wykluczenie społeczne w Polsce. Polski Raport Social Watch 2010,; dostęp: 12.03.2014.
  4. eEurope An Information Society For All Communication on a Commission Initiative for the Special European Council of Lisbon, 23 and 24 March 2000.
  5. Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Euroepan Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: i2010 - First Annual Report on the European Information Society {SEC(2006)604} Brussels, 19.5.2006, COM 2006; 215 final,; dostęp: 10.12.2014.
  6. eHealth - making healthcare better for European citizens: An action plan for a European eHealth Area, COM 2004: 356.
  7. i2010 eGovernment Action Plan: acceleration eGovernment in Europe for the benefit of all, COM 2006: 173.
  8. "Signposts towards eGovernment 2010" document, which summarises the discussions of the leaders and representatives of the national eGovernment initiatives in the eGovernment subgroup,; dostęp: 14.04.2011.
  9. European Commission, Special Eurobarometer, The European Year of Disability, February 2004,; dostęp: 10.01.20015.
  10.; dostęp: 05.02.2015
  11. Haigh F., Mekel O., Policy Health Impact Assessment for the European Union: Pilot Health Impact Assessment of the European Employment Strategy in Germany, 2004.
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