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Haase Fee-Alexandra
From the Oratio Libera to the Contemporary Genre of 'Free Speech' Rhetorically Re-read : What Kant's what is Enlightenment as an Essay for Free Speech Can Tell Us
International Studies : Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal, 2009/2010, vol. 11/12, s. 21-38
Słowa kluczowe
Wolność słowa, Historia
Freedom of speech, History
Kant Immanuel
This article is interested in the historical dimension of the idea of 'free speech', a term mainly used in the 20th century and following time in Western culture. But we have former documents in culture history giving us impressions about the state of free speech in ancient Greek and Roman cultures and the later cultural heritage of the ancient education in European culture, from where it spread to other countries. Important is here the time of Enlightenment and its rhetoric is the place where speech issues where placed in the academic system. When we read Kant's An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment? we find in the often as anti-rhetorical considered philosophy of the Enlightenment a testimonial for the description of individual person's decision making process based upon a reasoning and ability to speak for himself/herself. Our investigation starts with the question: In how far is the modern term 'free speech' related to the ancient concept of rhetoric and its genres of speech? In how far can we trace the term 'free speech' back to the achievements of the Enlightenment? (fragment of text)
Pełny tekst
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