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The Presidential Control over the War Powers in the USA : Theory and Practice
International Studies : Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal, 2009/2010, vol. 11/12, s. 81-93, bibliogr. 23 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Prezydent, Stosunki międzynarodowe, Kontrola zbrojeń
President, International relations, Arms control
Stany Zjednoczone Ameryki
United States of America (USA)
Throughout much of the American history the national government attempted to remain relatively aloof from the world affairs but after the II World War the situation changed. The Cold War extorted the American engagement in international relations. The U.S. troops participated in many conflicts and peace processes. The fall of the Soviet Union caused the United States to become the hegemonic power in the world. Lately, we can observe the American growing engagement, especially in the Middle East, after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre (September 11, 2001). These events also influenced the division of control over the war powers between the legislative and executive branches. This article examines the constitutional role of Congress and the President in the deploying of American forces into hostilities. (fragment of text)
Pełny tekst
  1. Bush, G., Scrowcroft, B. (2000), Świat przekształcony. Warszawa.
  2. Collier, E. C. (1994), "Statutory Constraints: The War powers resolution". In: G. M. Stern (ed.), The Constitution and the Power to Go to War. Westpoint.
  3. Cronin, T. E.,. Genovese, M. A (1998), The Paradoxes of the American Presidency. Oxford.
  4. Falk, R. (2003), "After Iraq Is There a Future for the Charter System?", Counterpunch, July 2.
  5. Farrar-Myers, V. (1998), "Transference of Authority: The Institutional Struggle over the Control of the War Power", Congress & Presidency, Autumn, vol. 25.
  6. Fisher, L. (1994/1995), "Congressional Checks on military initiatives", Political Science Quarterly, Winter, vol. 109.
  7. Fisher, L. (1998), "The War Powers Resolution: Time to Say Goodbye", Political Science Quarterly, Spring, vol. 113.
  8. Fisher, L. (1995), Presidential War Power. Kansas.
  9. Glemon, M. (1991), "The Gulf War and the Constitution", Foreign Affairs, Spring, vol. 70.
  10. Grimett, R. F. (2002), War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance, Congressional Research Service,
  11. Hart, J. (1998), "Suppose Congress Wanted a War Powers Act that Worked", Columbia Law Review, vol. 88.
  12. Henkin, L. (1975), Foreign Affairs and the U.S. Constitution. Oxford.
  13. Hilaire, M. (2003), Presidential War Powers. The authority of the United States President to go to War (?)
  14. Konstytucja Stanów Zjednoczonych.Warszawa 2002.
  15. Plye, H., Pious, R. (1984), The President Congress and the constitution. Philadelphia.
  16. Simma, C. (ed), (1995), The Charter of the United Nations. New York.
  17. Simonides, P. (2001), "Prawnomiędzynarodowy aspekt walki z terroryzmem", Sprawy Międzynarodowe, 2001, nr 4.
  18. Turner, R. F. (2003), "The War Powers Resolution: An Unnecessary, Unconstitutional Source of »Friendly Fire« the War Against International Terrorism", The Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy Studies.
  19. The Federalist Papers. New York 1961.
  20. The New York Times, September 20, 2002.
  21. The War Powers Act of 1973, Public Law 93-148, 93rd Congress, H. J. Res. 542,
  22. The War Powers. Hearings before the house Committee on International Relations, 94th Congresss, 1 st sess/1975/, 91.
  23. Washington Post, September 13, 2001, p A3, and September 14, p. A 19.
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