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Rios Cabral Alexandra Maria (Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil), Francisco S. Ramos (Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil)
Efficiency Container Ports in Brazil: A DEA and FDH Approach
Central European Review of Economics and Management, 2018, vol. 2, nr 1, s. 43-64, bibliogr. 36 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Applications of Data Envelopment Analysis in Developing Countries
Słowa kluczowe
Porty morskie, Transport morski
Seaports, Sea transport
Klasyfikacja JEL: R42, O18, L95, N76
Aim: This study aims to evaluate the technical efficiency of 44 Brazilian port terminals that handled containers in 2016. The evaluation will first proceed by identifying the main benchmarks. It will then provide an analysis of variables that may have an effect on technical efficiency as well as the nature of their relationship with the latter - namely: container movement and specialized terminals. Design / Research methods: In this work, we apply the techniques of Data Envelopment Analysis and Free Disposal Hull. Output-oriented models were constructed, using three inputs - berth depth, berth length and number of berths; and three outputs - number of containers handled, medium board measured in container handled per hour of mooring, and medium consignment rate measured in container throughput per ship. Conclusions / findings: The main results show that half of the terminals have an inefficient infrastructure, with a capacity larger than necessary to meet current demand for transportation of containers. In addition, there is a strong relationship between the efficiency and size of a terminal port and between the efficiency and degree of specialization. Moreover, the private use terminal (TUP) of Itacal and the public quay of OCRIM can serve as benchmarks for most of the terminals. Originality / value of the article: Relatively few studies in the literature have tried to measure technical efficiency for developing countries. Moreover, none of the studies found regarding Brazilian ports have shown the scenario after promulgation of the Port Law in 2013, and only a few have used container cargo as their focus. This article is of interest for scientists in the transportation sector, exporters/importers, and Brazilian Government officers interested in observing the effects of public policies aimed at the sector. We also suggest future work concerning the sector's improvements, which can follow from our findings.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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