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Autor
Pawełczyk-Cnudde Beata (Fulcrum Partners bvba (consulting & training company), Brussels)
Tytuł
Stress at Work: Its Impact on Sustainable Growth
Źródło
Kwartalnik Kolegium Ekonomiczno-Społecznego Studia i Prace / Szkoła Główna Handlowa, 2018, nr 1, s. 107-128, rys., tab., wykr., bibliogr. 26 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Stres zawodowy, Wypalenie zawodowe, Gospodarka
Occupational stress, Professional burnout, Economy
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
This paper aims to show the importance of stress at work for the economy. Stress, which until recently was considered mainly in psychological or social terms, has a direct impact on human capital and labour, which are the basic factors of economic growth (as well as natural resources, technology, physical and financial capitals). The quality and quantity of human capital directly affects the growth of the economy. An increase in investment in human capital can improve the quality of the labour force, hence its productivity. On the other hand, factors that limit economic growth include: poor health and low level of education. People who do not have access to healthcare or education have lower levels of productivity. The economy, therefore, does not fulfil its potential productivity or growth. Stress negatively contributes to changes of these factors. It has become one of the main causes of disability and inability to work in recent years. The first part describes the overall situation in which stress has become an issue for companies and the economy. In the second part I present the different research findings that demonstrate how the meaning and importance of work, and workplace conditions, have evolved. I refer, as well, to quantitative findings proving that companies should invest in preventing stress at work as excessive stress affects performance and productivity. The third part briefly portrays the example of Belgium, where the problem of stress and its economic consequences have been quite thoroughly investigated. The costs of excessive stress were regarded as undue, and as a result, Belgium adopted a law protecting employees against stress and burnout at work. Under this law, employers are obliged to introduce specific internal rules and preventative measures. Based on the Belgian experience, I provide several arguments demonstrating that improving the workplace by mitigating stress levels is beneficial not only for a company itself but for the economy in general. It impacts positively human capital, employability, leads to improved productivity, and in the end, contributes to sustainable economic growth. At the end of the paper, in an annex, I present a case illustrating the problem of excessive stress at work. It is an example of the great pressure and stress imposed on employees during the time of the ongoing business changes in one of the financial companies based in Brussels. The purpose of this article, however, is not to exhaust the topic of the impact of stress on economy, but rather to induce discussion on the magnitude and importance of this problem.(original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
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  2. De Keyser V. & Hansez I., Du diagnostic des risques psychosociaux à la gestion organisationnelle du stress, Toulouse 2002.
  3. EASHW 2015, Second European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER-2).
  4. Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue (ELSD) 2013, Guide to the prevention of psychosocial risks at work, Namur 2013, available at: www.employment.belgium.be
  5. Eurofound, Working time patterns for sustainable work, Publications Ofice of the European Union, Luxembourg 2017.
  6. European Commission, Flash Eurobarometer 398, TNS Political & Social, April 2014.
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  8. Hansez I., Mairiaux P., Firket P. et al., Recherche sur le Burnout au sein de la population active belge: rapport final, Brussels 2012.
  9. Holslag J. De Kracht van het Paradijs [The Strength of Paradise], De Bezige Bij Amsterdam, Antwerp 2014.
  10. International Labour Ofice, A Skilled Workforce for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth, Geneva, November 2010.
  11. ISSA Final Report 2013, Calculating the international return on prevention for companies: Costs and benefits of investments in occupational safety and health, 2013.
  12. Hansez, I., & De Keyser, V., Du diagnostic des risques psychosociaux à la gestion organisationnelle du stress, [in:] M. Neboit & M. Vezina, Santé au travail et santé psychique, chapter 14, Toulouse, France 2002.
  13. Lawson, E. and Price, C., The psychology of change management, "The Value in Organizations. The McKinsey Quarterly" 2003.
  14. Maslach Ch., Leiter M. P., Prawda o wypaleniu zawodowym, PWN, Warszawa 2011.
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  16. OSHA, available online: https://osha.europa.eu/en/topics
  17. Peeters, M. C. W., Montgomery, A. J., Bakker, A. B. & Schaufeli, W. B., Balancing work and home: How job and home demands are related to Burnout, "International Journal of Stress Management" 2005, no. 12.
  18. Prosci change management tutorial 2013, available online: http://www.change-management.com/tutorial-7-principles-mod8.htm
  19. Reijseger G., Peeters W., Taris T., Schaufeli W. (2017), "From Motivation to Activation: Why Engaged Workers are Better Performers", published on-line: 10 March 2016 by Springer Science Business Media, New York 2016.
  20. Sen, Amartya, Commodities and Capabilities, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Delhi, New York 1999.
  21. The Belgian National Strategy for Well-being at Work 2016-2020 as proposed by the Minister of Employment: Strategic and operational objectives.
  22. Trontin, C., Coûts du stress: éléments d'appréciation des enjeux économiques, Paper presented during the Colloque CHP in Liège Travail et Stress: la loi sur le Bien-Etre, 10 ans déjà... et après?", Liège 2006.
  23. United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2008 revision, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, New York 2008.
  24. Van der Klink J. J. L., Bültmann U, Burdorf A, Schaufeli W. B., Zijlstra F. R. H., Abma F. I., Brouwer S, van der Wilt G. J., Sustainable employability - definition, conceptualization, and implications: A perspective based on the capability approach, Discussion Paper, Scand J Work Environ Health 2016.
  25. Vandenbrande T., Vandekerckhove S., Vendramin P., Valenduc G., Huys R., Van Hootegem R., Hansez I., Vanroelen C., Puig-Barrachina V., Bosmans K., & De Witte H., Quality of Work and employment in Belgium, KU Leuven - Research Institute for Work and Society, revised version, February 2013.
  26. World Health Organisation, Health Impact of Psychosocial Hazards at Work: An Overview, Geneva 2010.
Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2082-0976
Język
eng
URI / DOI
https://doi.org/10.33119/KKESSiP.2018.1.6
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