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Autor
Cymbranowicz Katarzyna (Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie)
Tytuł
"Fortress Europe" or "Open Door Policy" - Attempts to Solve the Refugee and Migration Crisis in the European Union in 2011-2017
"Fortess Europe" czy "Open Door Policy" - próby rozwiązania kryzysu uchodźczego i migracyjnego w Unii Europejskiej w latach 2011-2017
Źródło
International Business and Global Economy, 2018, nr 37, s. 53-70, bibliogr. 45 poz.
Biznes Międzynarodowy w Gospodarce Globalnej
Słowa kluczowe
Migracja, Kryzys migracyjny, Uchodźcy
Migration, Migrant crisis, Refugees
Uwagi
Klasyfikacja JEL: F22, J15, J60, J61, O15
summ., streszcz.
Firma/Organizacja
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Abstrakt
Praca ta stanowi analizę i ocenę dotychczasowych działań podjętych przez instytucje UE oraz państwa członkowskie w obszarze migracji i azylu. Wykorzystano w niej krajowe i zagraniczne opracowania naukowe oraz materiały prasowe, raporty międzynarodowych organizacji zajmujących się problematyką migracji i uchodźstwa oraz dane statystyczne zaczerpnięte z baz Eurostat, Frontex oraz Międzynarodowej Organizacji ds. Migracji. Czy Europa w rzeczywistości stała się oblężoną (przez migrantów) twierdzą, tj. "Fortess Europe", czy też sprawdziła się tzw. polityka otwartych drzwi wobec uchodźców i migrantów przybywających do Europy z regionu Bliskiego Wschodu i Afryki Północnej, tj. "Open Door Policy"? Jak na kryzys zareagowały instytucje unijne i państwa członkowskie? Poszukiwanie odpowiedzi na te pytania prowadzi do refleksji, że obecne ruchy migracyjne uwidaczniają, w jakim stopniu podstawowe idee i wartości europejskie (nie) są respektowane w czasach największej fali migracyjnej od przełomu lat 30. i 40. XX w.(abstrakt oryginalny)

The paper analyses and evaluates the activities currently undertaken by the EU institutions and member states in the area of migration and asylum. Domestic and foreign scientific papers and press materials, reports of international organizations dealing with migration and refugees, and statistical data from the Eurostat, Frontex, and International Organization for Migration databases were used for the research. Has Europe in fact become besieged (by migrants), becoming "Fortress Europe", or has the so-called "Open Door Policy" towards the refugees and migrants coming to Europe from the Middle East and North Africa succeeded? How did the EU institutions and member states react to the crisis? Searching for answers to these questions leads to a reflection that the current migration movements show the extent to which the basic European ideas and values are (not) respected in the time of the greatest migration wave since the turn of the 1930s and 1940s.(original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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ISSN
2300-6102
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4467/23539496IB.18.004.9377
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