BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Czulda Robert (Uniwersytet Łódzki)
Tytuł
Defence Dilemmas of the GCC States - Threats and Military Build-Up
Źródło
International Studies : Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal, 2018, vol. 21, nr 1, s. 47-67, tab., bibliogr. 56 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Bezpieczeństwo, Obronność
Security, Defences
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Zatoka Perska
Persian Gulf
Abstrakt
Although regional states don`t seek war, it cannot be ruled out that an unfavourable development in the international arena could lead to an unintended outbreak of a full-scale conflict, which would either directly or indirectly involve the Arab monarchies. In response to several threats within their proximity, these states have, for years, been pursuing several initiatives aimed at increasing their deterrence potential and interoperability in case of a crisis. The main goal of this article is to present and assess the GCC's threat perception, followed by an analysis of the multilateral and unilateral responses. The main research question concerns the degree to which the GCC states are able to establish a joint and effective military bloc within the Persian Gulf.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
Pokaż
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Ali Khan, M.G., GCC to Discuss 'Peninsula Shield' Expansion, Arab News (November 2006). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.arabnews.com/node/285676 .
  2. Bayoumy, Y., With eye on troubled region, UAE plans military service for men, Reuters (January, 2014). Web. 12 April 2017, http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-uae-security-military-idUKBREA0I0BS20140119.
  3. Black, D., Lockheed Martin Preferred Bidder for UAE's Air-Defence System, The National (February, 2013). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.thenational.ae/business/industry-insights/economics/lockheed-martin-preferred-bidder -for-uaes-air-defence-system.
  4. Blomfield, A., Iran 'will attack US bases in the Persian Gulf if Israel bombs its nuclear facilities, "The Telegraph" (September, 2012). Web. 15 May 2015, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iran/9520865/Iran-will-attack-US-bases-in-the-Persian-Gulf-if-Israel-bombs-its-nuclear-facilities.html.
  5. Camp de la Paix (Peace Camp), United Arab Emirates, "Air Force Technology". Web. 15 May 2015, http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/campdelapaixpeacecam.
  6. Cavas, C.P., Saudi Arabia Mulling BMD-Capable Destroyers, Defense News (June, 2011). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=6799195&c=AME&s=SEA.
  7. Cody, E., First French Military Base Opens in the Persian Gulf, "The Washington Post" (May, 2009). Web. 15 May 2015, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/05/26/AR2009052602994.html.
  8. Connell, M., Iran's Military Doctrine, The Iran Primer. Power, Politics, and U.S. Policy. Ed. R.B. Wright. Washington: US Institute of Peace, 2010.
  9. Cordesman, A.H., The Gulf Military Balance in 2010. Washington: Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2010.
  10. Cordesman, A.H., Iran's Military Forces in Transition: Conventional Threats and Weapons of Mass Destruction. Wesport: Praeger, 1999.
  11. Cordesman, A.H. and Kleiber, M., Iran's Military Forces and Warfighting Capabilities. The Threat in the Northern Gulf. Washington: CSIS, 2007.
  12. Cory, B., America's Misguided Policy of Dual Containment in the Persian Gulf, CATO Institute, Foreign Policy Briefing 33 (November, 1994). Web. 12 April 2017, https://www.cato.org/publications/foreign-policy-briefing/americas-misguided-policy-dual-containment-persian-gulf.
  13. Czulda, R., Czy Izrael podpali Bliski Wschód? [Will Israel set the Middle East on Fire?], "Nowa Technika Wojskowa," no. 01 (2012), pp. 44-56.
  14. Czulda, R., Qatar's Defence Procurement, "Military Technology," no. 3 (2014), pp. 35-37.
  15. Eisenstadt, M., The Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran: An Assessment, "Middle East Review of International Affairs Journal," no. 5.1 (2001), pp. 1-30.
  16. Ferran, L., Iran: We Can Hit 35 US Bases in 'Minutes', ABC News (July, 2012). Web. 12 April 2017, http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/iran-hit-35-us-bases-minutes/story?id=16716804.
  17. Foss, C.F., Qatar places order for German heavy armour, "Jane's Defence Weekly" (April, 2013), p. 15.
  18. French President Sarkozy Opens UAE Base, BBC News (May, 2009). Web. 12 April 2017, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8067600.stm.
  19. Guzansky, Y., Beyond the Nuclear and Terror Threats: The Conventional Military Balance in the Gulf, "Strategic Assessment (INSS)," no. 13.1 (2010), pp. 1-5.
  20. Hajjar, S.G., U.S. Military Presence in the Gulf: Challenges and Prospects. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.
  21. Iran missiles can hit all US bases in ME, Press TV (June, 2012). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.presstv.ir/Detail/2017/04/12/517766/China-Korea-deployment.
  22. Iran vows to hit US bases if Israel strikes, Al Jazeera (September, 2012). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2012/09/2012923159813668.html.
  23. Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment - The Gulf States, (March 14, 2012). [www.sentinel.janes.com]
  24. Johnson, S. and Chorley, E., Studies in Pre-emption, "Jane's Defence Weekly" (March, 2012), pp. 24-32.
  25. Kermali, S., The GCC is expanding its army, but for what?, Al Jazeera (July, 2011). Web. 17 April 2017, http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2011/06/2011626112649845386.html.
  26. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Howitzers, Radars, Ammunition, and Related Support, Defense Security Cooperation Agency (September, 2011). Web. 17 April 2017, http://www.dsca.mil/sites/default/files/mas/saudi_arabia_10-74_0.pdf.
  27. Koch, C., The GCC as a Regional Security Organization, "Konrad Adenauer Stiftung International Reports," no. 11 (2010), pp. 23-35.
  28. Kuwait - MIM-104E PATRIOT Guidance Enhanced Missile-T (GEM-T), Defense Security Cooperation Council (August, 2010). Web. 17 April 2017, http://www.dsca.mil/sites/default/files/mas/kuwait_10-34_0.pdf.
  29. Kuwait - PATRIOT Advanced Capability (PAC-3) Missiles, Defense Security Cooperation Council (July, 2012). Web. 17 April 2017, http://www.dsca.mil/sites/default/files/mas/kuwait_12-29_0.pdf.
  30. Mikaïl, B., Sectarianism After the Arab Spring. An Exaggerated Spectre. FRIDE - European Think Tank for Global Action Policy Brief 131 (2012).
  31. The Military Balance 2012. London: IISS, 2012.
  32. The Military Balance 2014. London: IISS, 2014.
  33. Morocco and Jordan ask to join GCC. The National (May, 2011). Web. 17 April 2017 http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/middle-east/morocco-and -jordan-ask-to-join-gcc.
  34. Mraz, J.L., Dual Containment: US Policy in the Persian Gulf and a Recommendation for the Future. Air Command and Staff College, 1997.
  35. Navias, M.S. and Hooton, E.R., Tanker Wars. The Assault on Merchant Shipping During the Iran - Iraq Conflict, 1980-1988. London, New York: I.B. Tauris, 1996.
  36. O'Hern, S., Iran's Revolutionary Guard: The Threat That Grows While America Sleeps. Washington: Potomac Books, 2012.
  37. Parkin, B,. German Split Opens Over Blocked Sale of Tanks to Saudi Arabia, Bloomberg Business (March, 2015). Web. 12 April 2017, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-03-08/german-split-opens-over-blocked-sale -of-tanks-to-saudi-arabia.
  38. Persian Gulf states 'unable to protect themselves' despite military buildups, Stratrisks (June, 2013). Web. 17 April 2017, www.stratrisks.com/2243424.
  39. Qatar - Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), Defense Security Cooperation Council (November, 2012). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.dsca.mil/major-arms-sales/qatar-terminal-high-altitude-area-defense-thaad.
  40. Qatar wants to buy up to 200 tanks from Germany, Reuters (July, 2012). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.reuters.com/article/germany-qatar-tanks -idUSL6E8IT1NP20120729.
  41. Al-Saeri, M., A Talk with Peninsula Shield Force Commander Mutlaq Bin Salem al-Azima, Asharq Al-Awsat (March, 2011). Web. 12 April 2017, http://english.aawsat.com/theaawsat/interviews/a-talk-with-peninsula-shield-force-commander-mutlaq-bin-salem-al-azima.
  42. Saidy, B., The Gulf Cooperation Council's Unified Military Command, "The Philadelphia Papers," no. 6 (2014), pp. 1-2.
  43. Sarkozy Opens French Military Base in Abu Dhabi, France24 (May, 2009). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.france24.com/en/20090526-sarkozy-opens-french -military-base-abu-dhabi.
  44. Saudi Arabia - CBU-105 Sensor Fuzed Weapons, Defense Security Cooperation Agency (June, 2011). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.dsca.mil/sites/default/files/mas/saudi_arabia_10-03_0.pdf.
  45. Saudi Arabia largest importer of defense equipment in 2014, and probably 2015, Merco Press - South Atlantic News Agency (March, 2015). Web. 12 April 2017, http://en.mercopress.com/2015/03/10/saudi-arabia-largest-importer-of -defense-equipment-in-2014-and-probably-2015.
  46. Saudi Arabia wants to buy 600-800 Leopard tanks from Germany, Gulf News (June, 2012). Web. 12 April 2017, http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/saudi-arabia/saudi-arabia-wants-to-buy-600-800-leopard-tanks-from-germany-1.1036800.
  47. Singh, R.S.N., Asian Strategic and Military Perspective. New Delhi: Observer Research Foundation, 2005, pp. 91-106.
  48. Solmirano, C. and Wezeman, P.D., Military Spending and Arms Procurement in the Gulf States, SIPRI, 2010.
  49. Swan, R.P., DeCamp, W.T. and Mulcahy, M.G., United States-Iran Policy: From Dual Containment to Constructive Conditional Engagement, U.S. Army War College, 1998.
  50. Tarock, A., The Superpowers' Involvement in the Iran - Iraq War. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 1988.
  51. Ukman, J., U.S., Saudi Arabia strike $30 billion arms deal, "The Washington Post" (December, 2011). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.sfgate.com/news/local/military/article/U-S-Saudi-Arabia-strike-30-billion-arms-deal-2432084.php.
  52. United Arab Emirates: A Country Study, Federal Research Division, 2004.
  53. United Arab Emirates - Terminal High Altitude Area Defense System Missiles (THAAD), Defense Security Cooperation Agency (November, 2012). Web. 12 April 2017, http://www.dsca.mil/sites/default/files/mas/uae_12-40_0.pdf.
  54. Ward, S.R., Immortal. A Military History of Iran and its Armed Forces. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2009.
  55. Wehrey, F., Green, J.D. and Nichiporuk, B., The Rise of the Pasdaran. Assessing the Domestic Roles of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation, 2009.
  56. Zatarain, L.A., Tanker War. America's First Conflict with Iran, 1987-1988. Newbury: Casemate Publishers, 2008.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
2300-8695
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.18778/1641-4233.21.04
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu