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Autor
Brzozowski Jan (Cracow University of Economics, Poland / Kolegium Ekonomii, Finansów i Prawa), Lasek Anke (Cracow University of Economics)
Tytuł
The Impact of Self-Employment on the Economic Integration of Immigrants : Evidence from Germany
Źródło
Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation (JEMI), 2019, vol. 15, nr 2, s. 11-28, tab., bibliogr. s. 25-28
Tytuł własny numeru
Immigrant Entrepreneurship: New Research Trends and Challenges
Słowa kluczowe
Samozatrudnienie, Przedsiębiorczość imigrantów, Aktywność ekonomiczna, Integracja gospodarcza
Self-employment, Immigrant entrepreneurship, Economic activity, Economic integration
Uwagi
Klasyfikacja JEL: F22, J24, L26
streszcz., summ.
Kraj/Region
Niemcy
Germany
Abstrakt
Tradycyjne studia migracyjne sugerowały, że samozatrudnienie i przedsiębiorczość wpływają pozytywnie na pozycję ekonomiczną imigrantów w krajach docelowych. Dlatego w najważniejszych krajach przyjmujących, w Europie Zachodniej i Ameryce Północnej, zaczęto wdrażać polityki wspierające przedsiębiorczość wśród imigrantów. Ale czy samozatrudnienie naprawdę wpływa pozytywnie na ekonomiczną integrację imigrantów? Czy jest to uniwersalna strategia, gwarantująca ich skuteczne zagnieżdżenie w społeczno-ekonomicznej strukturze w miejscu osiedlenia? W niniejszym artykule korzystamy z panelowej bazy danych (German Socio-Economic Panel w Niemczech) by zbadać wpływ samozatrudnienia na ekonomiczną integrację imigrantów w jednym z najważniejszych krajów docelowych w Europie. Wyniki naszych badań wskazują że aktualny status samozatrudnionego powiązany jest z wyższym dochodem jednostki, zarówno w sensie absolutnym, jak i relatywnym. Jednakże imigranci mający wcześniejsze doświadczenie samozatrudnienia są gorzej zintegrowani niż przeciętny imigrant. Wskazuje to pośrednio na wyższy współczynnik porażki w przypadku biznesów imigrantów, co oznacza że nie wszyscy samozatrudnieni awansują ekonomicznie w miejscu docelowym. W oparciu wyniki naszej analizy wskazujemy, że kraje docelowe powinny być ostrożniejsze w zakresie promowania przedsiębiorczości jako jedynej skutecznej strategii wspierającej ekonomiczną integrację imigrantów. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Traditional approaches in migration studies suggest that self-employment and entrepreneurial activities enhance the perspectives of economic advancement of immigrants in host countries. Therefore, in many popular destinations in Western Europe and Northern America, policies encouraging the self-employment of immigrants have been proposed. But does the self-employment contribute to the economic integration of immigrants? Is it a universal, one-way avenue that guarantees the successful insertion of foreigners in a new socio-economic environment? Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel dataset, this study empirically investigates the effect of self-employment on the economic integration of immigrants in one of the most important host countries in Europe. Our results demonstrate that the current self-employment status in Germany is associated with higher income in absolute and relative (self-assessment) terms. The immigrants with previous self-employment experience in Germany are less integrated than the average. This result indirectly shows that the business economy of immigrants is associated with a high risk of failure and not all self-employed individuals succeed in advancing in economic terms in a host country. Consequently, we argue that host countries should be more cautious in promoting entrepreneurship as the "perfect" and "universal" strategy that improves economic integration. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2299-7075
Język
eng
URI / DOI
https://doi.org/10.7341/20191521
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