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Autor
Baran Bernadeta (Department of Economic Policy and European Regional Studies, UE we Wrocławiu/Wrocław University of Economics and Business, Polska)
Tytuł
The Circular Economy in EU Policy as a Response to Contemporary Ecological Challenges
Gospodarka cyrkularna w polityce UE jako odpowiedź na współczesne wyzwania ekologiczne
Źródło
Gospodarka Narodowa, 2019, nr 4, s. 31-51, rys., tab., wykr., bibliogr. 52 poz.
The Polish Journal of Economics
Słowa kluczowe
Rozwój zrównoważony, Polityka gospodarcza UE, Ochrona środowiska, Surowce wtórne
Sustainable development, Economic policy of the EU, Environmental protection, Recyclable materials
Uwagi
Klasyfikacja JEL: O44, Q57, Q58
streszcz., summ.
Firma/Organizacja
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Abstrakt
W artykule podjęto zagadnienie współczesnych wyzwań środowiskowych wynikających z działalności gospodarczej człowieka oraz gospodarki o obiegu zamkniętym jako odpowiedzi na te problemy. Celem artykułu jest porównanie wysiłków krajów UE we wdrażaniu modelu gospodarki zamkniętej, a także wskazanie strategicznych celów UE w tym obszarze. Ponadto, artykuł wskazuje argumenty za pilną zmianą paradygmatu opartego na modelu liniowym w celu osiągnięcia bardziej sprawiedliwego podziału dóbr w granicach możliwości Ziemi. Artykuł oparto na analizie źródeł wtórnych - literatury przedmiotu, aktów prawnych i licznych raportów. Dane statystyczne wykorzystane w pracy pochodzą głównie z baz danych Eurostatu i PlasticsEurope. Analiza prowadzi do jednoznacznych wniosków, że w dzisiejszym świecie zanieczyszczonym do granic możliwości, z ograniczonymi zasobami, z szybko rosnącymi liczbą ludności i wskaźnikiem urbanizacji, dalsze wykorzystanie modelu liniowego nie jest już możliwe. Model gospodarki zamkniętej dostarcza też ekonomicznych argumentów - przejście na CE pociąga za sobą nowe inwestycje (np. innowacyjne modele produkcji i wykorzystania surowców wtórnych, zaawansowane sortowanie lub recykling chemiczny) i przyczynia się do redukcji kosztów (oszczędność surowców). Gospodarka o obiegu zamkniętym stała się strategicznym celem na poziomie UE, podobnie jak w poszczególnych krajach UE, które już wcześniej dostrzegły potrzebę zmiany modelu swoich gospodarek i korzyści z tego wynikających.(abstrakt oryginalny)

This article discusses contemporary environmental challenges resulting from human economic activity and the idea of the circular economy (CE) as a response to these problems. The aim is to compare EU countries in terms of the efforts they are making to implement the CE model and to indicate EU strategic goals in this area. Furthermore, the article looks at arguments for an urgent change of the paradigm based on a linear model to achieve more equitable prosperity within planetary boundaries. The article was written on the basis of a secondary sources review, including relevant literature, legal regulations and reports. Statistical data come mainly from Eurostat and PlasticsEurope databases. The analysis leads to the clear conclusion that in today's resource-constrained world of rapid population growth, urbanisation and pollution, the linear model is no longer fit-for-purpose. The CE is also attractive economically. The transition will entail new investment (e.g. better design of production and recyclable materials, advanced sorting and chemical recycling) and contribute to cost reduction (saving of raw materials). For these reasons, the CE has become a strategic goal at the EU level as individual member countries have already acknowledged the need to modify their economies and grown aware of the benefits of the new model.(original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
0867-0005
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.33119/GN/113064
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