BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Rudawska Joanna (Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce), Pavlov Daniel (University of Ruse "Angel Kanchev", Bulgaria), Boneva Miroslava (University of Ruse "Angel Kanchev", Bulgaria)
Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation and Entrepreneurial Intention. Comparative Research on Polish and Bulgarian Students
Zeszyty Naukowe. Organizacja i Zarządzanie / Politechnika Śląska, 2021, z. 153, s. 397-407, bibliogr. 23 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Contemporary Management
Słowa kluczowe
Przedsiębiorczość, Orientacja przedsiębiorcza
Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial orientation
Purpose: The aim of the study was to measure and understand the relationship between Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation (IEO) and Entrepreneurial Intention (EI) among students from Poland and Bulgaria within the country context. Design/methodology/approach: The respondents were 1,199 students, including 681 students from Bulgaria and 518 students from Poland. The respondents were selected randomly. The research was conducted online using a CAWI method. The existing tools for measuring constructs, i.e. IEO and EI, in the subject-matter literature were used. The questionnaire developed by Bolton and Lane (2012) relying on Covin and Slevin's (1986) conceptualisation was used to diagnose the level of students' IEO. EI was measured using a single-item measure developed by Liñán and Chen (2009). Findings: The empirical results show relationships and a positive impact of individual entrepreneurial orientation dimensions upon entrepreneurial intentions. In both countries, there is a statistically significant relationship between entrepreneurial intention and risk-taking, innovativeness, and proactivity. Countries determine the strength of such a correlation, but these relationships, although statistically significant, have been defined as weak. Research limitations/implications: The results cannot be generalised to the entire population, but they are a good contribution to further research on the antecedence of IEO and EI and the differences based on such variables as gender, age, level of education, or field of study. Practical Implications: The results can be used for further research on the factors influencing entrepreneurial attitudes and motivations. They can also be used for entrepreneurial education at universities by supporting the evaluation of the strength of orientation and intentions of students towards entrepreneurship and transferring good practice among countries. Originality/value: This study focuses on young adult respondents from two countries who are able to provide new references to factors which may encourage or hamper their interest in becoming entrepreneurs.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.
  2. Baran, G., Bąk, J. (2016). Przedsiębiorczość jako proces stawania się. In: M. Kosała, M. Urbaniec, A. Żur (red.), Współczesne dylematy badań nad przedsiębiorczością. Przedsiębiorczość Międzynarodowa, vol. 2, nr 1 (ss. 83-98). Kraków: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny.
  3. Bird, B. (1988). Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: the case for intention. Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442-453.
  4. Bolton, D.L., & Lane, M.D. (2012). Individual entrepreneurial orientation: development of a measurement instrument. Education Training, 54(2/3), 11-11.
  5. Dyduch, W. (2006). Badanie poziomu przedsiębiorczości organizacyjnej w polskich firmach. In: M. Romanowska, P. Wachowiak (eds.), Koncepcje i narzędzia zarządzania strategicznego (pp. 93-106). Warszawa: Oficyna Wydawnicza Szkoły Głównej Handlowej.
  6. Farashah, A.D. (2015). The effects ofdemographic, cognitive and institutional factors on development of entrepreneurial intention: Toward a socio-cognitive model of entrepreneur- ial career. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(4), 452-476. 10.1007/s10843-015- 0144-x.
  7. Goktan, A.B., & Gupta, V.K. (2013). Sex, gender, and individual entrepreneurial orientation: evidence from four countries. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 1-18.
  8. Grilo, I., Irigoyen, J.-M. (2006). Entrepreneurship in the EU: To Wish and Not to Be. Small Business Economics, 26(4), 305-318.
  9. Iakovleva, T., Kolvereid, L., Stephan, U. (2011). Entrepreneurial Intentions in Developing and Developed Countries. Education and Training, 53(3), 353-370. DOI: 10.1108/ 00400911111147686.
  10. Karpacz, J. (2018). Indywidualna orientacja przedsiębiorcza: konceptualizacja, pomiar i ocena. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu, 538, p. 172-182.
  11. Krueger, N.F. (1993). The impact of prior entrepreneurial exposure on perceptions of new venture feasibility and desirability. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 5, 5-21.
  12. Lee, S.M., Chang, D., Lim, S.B. (2005). Impact of entrepreneurship education: a comparative study of the U. S. and Korea. Int. Entrepreneurship. Manage. J., 1, 27-43.
  13. Lee, S.H., & Wong, P.K. (2004). An exploratory study of technopreneurial intentions: A career anchor perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 19(1), 7-28.
  14. Liñán, F., Chen, Y. (2009). Development and cross-cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory Pract., 33(3), 593-617.
  15. Robinson, S., & Stubberud, H.A. (2014). Elements of entrepreneurial orientation and their relationship to entrepreneurial intent. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 17(2), 1-12.
  16. Rudawska, J. (2020). In search of mediators in the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and performance: the mediating role of technology park support. Optimum. Economic Studies, 1(99), 128-143.
  17. Taatila, V., & Down, S. (2012). Measuring entrepreneurial orientation of university students. Education Training, 54(8/9), 744-760.
  18. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2019/2020, Global Report,
  19. Thompson, E.R. (2009). Individual Entrepreneurial Intent: Construct Clarification and Development of an Internationally Reliable Metric. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33, 669-694,
  20. Turulja, L., Veselinovic, L., Agic, E., & Pasic-Mesihovic, A. (2020). Entrepreneurial intention of students in Bosnia and Herzegovina: what type of support matters? Economic Research - Ekonomska Istraživanja. DOI: 10.1080/1331677X.2020.1730216.
  21. Vinig, Tsvi, G., and Dorresteijn, W. (2007). Determinants of Entrepreneurial Orientation Among Students - A Comparative Study of Dutch, Norwegian and Israeli Students,
  22. Wiklund, J., Davidsson, P., Audretsch, D.B., Karlsson, C. (2011). The future of entrepreneurship research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35, 1, 1-9.
  23. Wójcik-Karpacz, A., Karpacz, J., Pavlov, D., and Rudawska, J. (2018). Entrepreneurial orientation and performance in the context of market dynamism: similarities and differences between Polish and Bulgarian companies. Management Forum, 6, 41-47, doi: 10.15611/mf.2018.4.06.
Cytowane przez
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu