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Chrobot Jarosław (Wroclaw University of Science and Technology)
Flexible production flow control systems
Zarządzanie Przedsiębiorstwem / Polskie Towarzystwo Zarządzania Produkcją, 2021, vol. 24, nr 1-2, s. 2-7, rys., bibliogr. 10 poz.
Enterprise Management
Słowa kluczowe
Produkcja, Elastyczny system produkcji (ESP), System kontroli
Production, Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS), Control system
Requirements regarding the quality and full traceability of delivered products in some industrial sectors, such as the food, pharmaceutical and automotive industries, where the life and health of the end user depends on the quality of the product, cause production flow control systems (PFC) to become an important element of the functioning of production enterprises. PFC systems are IT systems that are generally used for recording production data (in a database) at various stages of industrial processes, mainly from PLC controllers (in this respect they perform the function of traceability systems, that enable tracking products), but also provide blocking of identifiable products, which were incorrectly processed during earlier stages of production or follow wrong technology sequence. The desirable feature of such systems is their flexibility, which is characterised by their scalability and configurability. Configurability is the ability to include different processes into the PFC system in a relatively short time. The concept of a configurable system must be well considered and different material flow cases must be taken into account to avoid future dramatic changes in the IT system. Scalability is the ability to include more and more processes under control of the PFC system without the significant impact on its effectiveness. The PFC systems use computer networks to process production data, so the scalability of PFC systems depends on their modular architecture in the network. The article discusses basic features and possible PFC architectures, as well as two examples of configurable PFC systems along with their analysis and assessment. The described systems are the result of projects in which the author of this article participated, the aim of which was to develop and launch a flexible PFC system that meets the basic industrial requirements from the area of discrete manufacturing.(original abstract)
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