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Suliman Muhammad (University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan), Ullah Sami (University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan), Ali Muhammad (University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan)
Identification of Potential Groundwater Recharge Sites in a Semi-arid Region of Pakistan Using Saaty's Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP)
Geomatics and Environmental Engineering, 2022, nr 16/1, s. 53-70, rys., tab., bibliogr. 30 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Wody gruntowe, Zasoby wodne, Użytkowanie zasobów wodnych, Analityczny proces hierarchiczny
Groundwater, Water resources, Use of water resources, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
Groundwater is a precious source of fresh water and a major component of the entire water supply. Both water quality and quantity could be satisfied by evaluating the groundwater potential sites (GWPS). This paper analyzes the ground-water potentials in a semi-arid region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It describes a standard methodology to identify and map GWPS using integrated Geographical Information System (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) methods. Eight parameters including elevation, slope, drainage density, lineaments density, soil, geology, land use/land cover and rainfall were integrated to explore areas with groundwater holding capability. GWPS were delineated through subjective weights assigned after coupling various thematic layers using Saaty's Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP). The modelled GWPS were cross-checked with tube wells data. The result indicates that the central part of the study area has good potential for groundwater reserves/exploitation, where the factors i.e. moderate to high drainage density, sedimentary sequence of alluvial plain, low elevation etc. discern the central portion of the study area as a suitable site for groundwater. This study suggests that the applied method proves to be very significant and reliable tool for timely assessment of quality assured evaluation of groundwater resources. This study could be a systematic guide for future investigations for water related explorations, especially in semi-arid environments. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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