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Karim Hairi (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia), Abdul Rahman Alias (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia), Azri Suhaibah (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia), Halim Zurairah (Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (JUPEM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
The Development of Multi-scale Data Management for CityGML-based 3D Buildings
Geomatics and Environmental Engineering, 2022, nr 16/1, s. 71-94, rys., bibliogr. 24 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Inteligentne miasto, Krajobraz miasta, Planowanie przestrzenne miasta, Rozwój miasta
Smart city, City landscape, Town spatial planning, City development
The CityGML model is now the norm for smart city or digital twin city development for better planning, management, risk-related modelling and other applications. CityGML comes with five levels of detail (LoD), mainly constructed from point cloud measurements and images of several systems, resulting in a variety of accuracies and detailed models. The LoDs, also known as pre-defined multi-scale models, require large storage-memory-graphic consumption compared to single scale models. Furthermore, these multi-scales have redundancy in geometries, attributes, are costly in terms of time and workload in updating tasks, and are difficult to view in a single viewer. It is essential for data owners to engage with a suitable multi-scale spatial management solution in minimizes the drawbacks of the current implementation. The proper construction, control and management of multi-scale models are needed to encourage and expedite data sharing among data owners, agencies, stakeholders and public users for efficient information retrieval and analyses. This paper discusses the construction of the CityGML model with different LoDs using several datasets. A scale unique ID is introduced to connect all respective LoDs for cross-LoD information queries within a single viewer. The paper also highlights the benefits of intermediate outputs and limitations of the proposed solution, as well as suggestions for the future. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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