BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Kownacki Tomasz (University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw, Poland)
System of International Cooperation for Sustainable Development in the Area of Combating Human Trafficking in the 21st Century
Torun International Studies, 2021, nr 1(14), s. 55-75, tab., bibliogr. 56 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe, Handel ludźmi, Współpraca międzynarodowa, Agenda 2030
International security, Human trafficking, International cooperation, Agenda 2030
Organizacja Narodów Zjednoczonych (ONZ)
United Nations (UN)
The problem of international cooperation for sustainable development in the areas of environmental protection, economics, energy and public goods is a well-known scope of research, which can be classified as a classic canon of analysis in this domain. There is an explicit lack of research in the area of security, particularly in those aspects relating to objectives 8 and 16 of Agenda 2030, referring to combating the crime of human trade. The aim of the publication is to analyse the dynamics of international cooperation for the implementation of sustainable principles in the fight against human trafficking, undertaken in the context of the diagnosis of its effects for the implementation of sustainable principles with the use of resources (created and implemented standards), cooperation structures (global international organisations and their Member States) forming a system of international cooperation, the directions of which are determined by security needs. The article shows the evolution of international law in this area, the cooperation of selected international structures and its effects, as well as the dynamics of change resulting from statistics indicating the directions of implementation of objectives 8 and 16 of the sustainable development of the Agenda 2030. To achieve the objective, the assumptions of institutional theory were applied. The analysis was made using historical, comparative methods and analysis of source documents. The analysis presented in the article allows us to conclude that after the adoption of the Agenda 2030, the dynamics of international cooperation in the analysed area has increased, which is reflected in the new impetus given to the implementation of provisions enshrined in international law and required actions undertaken by member states - signatories of the act. Combating the crime of trafficking in human beings takes place within the framework of a diagnosable multifaceted institutional formula expressed in a detailed division of tasks and competences, allowing for coordination at the global level of preventive and operational actions to combat this practice. Global international cooperation for sustainable development in the area of combating trafficking in human beings in the 21st century is implemented in a systemic way and brings results which provide better and better prospects for effective combating of this crime, thus meeting the assumptions and objectives 8 (p. 8.7) and 16 (p. 16.2) of the Agenda 2030.(original abstract)
Pełny tekst
  1. Allen, C., Nejdawi, R., El-Baba, J. et al. (2017). Indicator-based assessments of progress towards the sustainable development goals (SDGs): a case study from the Arab region. Sustain Sci 12, 975-989.
  2. Anderson, B. (2012). Where's the harm in that? Immigration enforcement, trafficking, and the protection of migrants' rights. American Behavioral Scientist, 56(9), 1241-1257.
  3. Andrees B. (2006). Forced labour as a form of trafficking in human beings. In Z. Lasocik (Ed.), Tracking in persons. Prevention and prosecution, (pp. 237-256), Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.
  4. Avdeyeva, O. A. (2012). Does reputation matter for states' compliance with international treaties? States enforcement of anti-trafficking norms. International Journal of Human Rights, 16(2), 298-320.
  5. Barrick, K., Lattimore, P. K., Pitts, W. J., & Zhang, S. X. (2014). When farmworkers and advocates see trafficking but law enforcement does not: Challenges in identifying labor trafficking in North Carolina. Crime, Law and Social Change, 61(2), 205-214.
  6. Britton, H., & Dean, L. (2014). Policy responses to human trafficking in Southern Africa: Domesticating international norms. Human Rights Review, 15(3), 305-328.
  7. Le Blanc, D. (2015). Towards Integration at Last? The Sustainable Development Goals as a Network of Targets, Sustainable Development, 23(3), 176-187.
  8. Carr, B. (2012). When federal and state systems converge: Foreign national human trafficking victims within juvenile and family courts. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 63(1), 77-90.
  9. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. (2007). Concluding Comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Poland Nowy Jork, Publication No. CEDAW/C/POL/CO/6.
  10. UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR). (2009). Concluding Observations.,CONCOBSERVATIONS,CESCR,,50ffbce521d,,0.html
  11. The International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime. (2020). Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  12. Covid19-global crisis. ICAT calls coordinated action address trafficking person. (2020).
  13. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic and its impact for victims and survivors of trafficking in persons.
  15. Interpol. (2020). Cooperation with United Nations entities.
  16. Drzymała, A. (2016). Developing the European Union's economic relations with Asian countries and cooperation for sustainable development. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.
  17. Elliott, J., & McCartan, K. (2013). The reality of trafficked people's access to technology. The Journal of Criminal Law, 77(3), 255-273.
  18. First Global Workshop for the Voluntary National Reviews to be presented at the UN High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2020. (2019).
  19. Gajewska, D., Kuhn, G., Popławska, A., & Suda, A. (2011). Problem handlu dziećmi w Polsce i na świecie. Charakterystyka zjawiska i regulacje prawne. Fundacja Dzieci Niczyje.
  21. Gierszewski, J., Siemiątkowski, P., & Urbanek, A. (2020). Local Security in the Idea of Sustainable Development. European Research Studies Journal, 23(2), 405-420.
  22. https://doi:10.35808/ersj/1600
  23. Goździak, E.M. & Vogel, K.M. (2020). Palermo at 20: A Retrospective and Prospective. Journal of Human Trafficking, 6(2), 109 - 118,
  24. Gueraldi, M. (2013). Human trafficking and challenges to states' compliance with international human rights law: The case of Brazil. Cultural Dynamics, 25(2), 165-181.
  25. Haseeb, M., Wattanapongphasuk, S., & Jermsittiparsert, K. (2019). Financial Development, Market Freedom, Political Stability, Economic Growth and CO2 Emissions: An Unexplored Nexus in ASEAN Countries, Contemporary Economics, 13(3), 363-374.
  26. https://DOI10.5709/ce.1897-9254.319
  27. Horoszowski, P. (1965). Kryminologia, PWN.
  28. ICAT promotes multi stakeholder partnerships address trafficking supply chains including. (2020).
  29. International Centre for Migration Policy Development. (2020).
  30. Inter-Agency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons. (2020).
  31. Jugend, D., Figueiredo, J., & Pinheiro, M.A.P. (2017). Environmental Sustainability and Product Portfolio Management in Biodiversity Firms: A Comparative Analysis between Portugal and Brazil, Contemporary Economics, 11(4), 431-442. https://DOI.5709/ce.1897-9254.254
  32. UN. (2000). United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
  33. Kozłowska, U. (2007). Legal issues - human trafficking in international documents ratified by Poland. In Zespół do Spraw Handlu Ludźmi Departamentu Polityki Migracyjnej. Ministerstwa Spraw Wewnętrznych i Administracji.
  34. Krampe, F. (2021). Ownership and inequalities: exploring UNEP's Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding Program, Sustain Sci, 16(1), 1-14.
  35. Latoszek, E., Proczek, M., & Krukowska, M. (2016). Sustainable development and global public goods in the theory and practice of international organisations. Dom Wydawniczy ELIPSA.
  36. Milligan, E.B., Jiménez-Aybar, R., et al. (2016). Accounting for the environment as an economic asset: global progress and realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Sustain Sci 11, 945-950.
  37. Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking. (2008). Multi-Agency Synopsis of Mandates and Research Activities Related to Combating Human Trafficking.
  38. UN World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). (1987). Our Common Future.
  39. United Nation, General Assembly. (2017). Political declaration on the implementation of the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons.
  40. United Nations. (2000). Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
  41. United Nation. General Assembly. (2000). Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
  42. United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (2000). Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children.
  43. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020). Punishing traffickers, not victims - ICAT launches an Issue Brief on the non-punishment principle for victims of human trafficking.
  44. Siemiątkowski, P., Tomaszewski, P., Marszałek-Kawa, J., & Gierszewski, J. (2020). The Financing of Renewable Energy Sources and the Level of Sustainable Development of Poland's Provinces in the Area of Environmental Order. Energies, 13(21), 5591.
  45. Szulecki, K. (2009). Partnerships for sustainable development as a new form of transnational cooperation. Stosunki Międzynarodowe, 3-4.
  46. Equality now. A just world for women and girl. (2019). Technology and Trafficking, The Need for a Stronger, Gendered and Cooperative Response.
  47. United Nations. (2018). The Sustainable Development Goals Report.
  48. UNODC. (2021). The UNODC-WCO-INTERPOL Airport Communication Project.
  49. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020).
  50. UNODC. (2014). Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.
  51. UNODC. (2009). Global Report on Trafficking in Persons. Executive Summary.
  52. UNODC. (2014). Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.
  53. UNODC. (2018). Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.
  54. Uttama, N. P. (2021). International Investment Agreements Provisions and Foreign Direct Investment Flows in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Region, Economies, 9(1), 1-22.
  55. Vosylius, E., Rakutis, V., & Tvaronavičienė, M. (2013). Economic growth, sustainable development and energy security interrelations, Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues. 2(3), 5-14. https://DOI10.9770/jssi.2013.2.3(1)
  56. Żołnacz-Okoń, A. (2019). Sustainable development goals. Ministerstwo Rozwoju, Pracy i Technologii.
Cytowane przez
http://DOI: hƩp://
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu