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Autor
Nel Verna (University of the Free State, South Africa), Minnie Stephanus (University of the Free State, South Africa)
Tytuł
Can the District Development Model Deliver Development in South African Local Governments?
Czy koncepcja District Development Model może zapewnić rozwój samorządów lokalnych w RPA?
Źródło
Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna / Instytut Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2022, nr 60, s. 39-53, rys., tab., bibliogr. 54 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Rozwój lokalny, Samorządność, Demokracja, Programowanie rozwoju społeczno-gospodarczego
Local development, Self-government, Democracy, Social economic development programming
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Kraj/Region
Republika Południowej Afryki (RPA)
Republic of South Africa
Abstrakt
Wraz z nadejściem demokracji w Republice Południowej Afryki samorząd lokalny miał przejść transformację, aby stać się bardziej reprezentatywny i odpowiadać na potrzeby społeczności lokalnych. Granice jednostek zreformowano w taki sposób, aby całe terytorium państwa zostało pokryte przez gminy. Oprócz świadczenia podstawowych usług, takich jak dostarczanie wody pitnej i kanalizacja terenu, gminy muszą wspierać rozwój społeczny i gospodarczy. Muszą również przygotować Zintegrowany Plan Rozwoju, który wyznacza działania gminy wraz z ich budżetem oraz powinien zapewnić zintegrowane i skoordynowane świadczenie usług publicznych. Samorząd lokalny boryka się jednak z poważnymi problemami, takimi jak brak kompetencji i środków, słabe zarządzanie oraz ograniczona koordynacja międzyinstytucjonalna i wewnątrzgminna. Prezydent Ramaphosa (kadencja 2018-2023) ogłosił model rozwoju lokalnego (District Development Model - DDM) mający na celu terytorializację i koordynację działań rządowych oraz wsparcie gmin w rozwiązywaniu ich problemów. W artykule opisano wyzwania stojące przed samorządami oraz zarysowano koncepcję DDM i jej uzasadnienie w kontekście tychże wyzwań. Autorzy biorą pod uwagę potencjał tego modelu dla poprawy funkcjonowania samorządu lokalnego, polepszenia zarządzania przestrzennego oraz promowania rozwoju społeczno-gospodarczego. Dochodzą jednak do wniosku, że DDM może nie spełnić oczekiwań, ponieważ nie odnosi się do podstawowych problemów. Wymagana jest bowiem pogłębiona rewizja obecnej koncepcji samorządu lokalnego, jego uprawnień, odpowiedzialności i relacji. (abstrakt oryginalny)

With the advent of democracy in South Africa, local government was targeted for transformation to be more representative of and responsive to local communities' needs. Boundaries were extended such that all areas in the country fell within a municipality. In addition to providing essential services such as water and sanitation, municipalities must promote social and economic development. They must also prepare an Integrated Development Plan that informs the municipality's activities, budget and should ensure focussed and coordinated delivery of services. However, local government has been plagued with severe problems such as a lack of capacity and resources, poor governance and limited intergovernmental and intra-municipal coordination. President Ramaphosa (Current term 2018-2023) in his 2019 budget speech announced a District Development Model (DDM) intended to spatialise and coordinate government interventions and support municipalities in response to these issues. This paper describes the challenges facing local government and outlines the DDM concept and its rationale in the context of these challenges. We consider the potential of this model to improve the performance of local government, improve spatial governance and promote social and economic development. We conclude that the DDM may not be sucessful as it does not address the core problems of local government. A candid review of the current concept of local government, its powers, responsibilities, capacities and relationships is required. (original abstract)
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Bibliografia
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Cytowane przez
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ISSN
2353-1428
Język
eng
URI / DOI
https://doi.org/10.14746/rrpr.2022.60s.05
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