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Autor
Błoch Wiktor (University of Lodz, Poland), Mackiewicz Michał (University of Lodz, Poland), Sokołowicz Mariusz E. (University of Lodz, Poland)
Tytuł
To Move or Not to Move? The Housing Preferences of a Post-Socialist City in the Suburbanisation Stage
Wyprowadzić się czy zostać? Preferencje mieszkaniowe z mieście postsocjalistycznym w fazie suburbanizacji
Źródło
Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna / Instytut Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2023, nr 64, s. 213-231, rys., tab., bibliogr. 72 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Miasto, Mieszkania, Mieszkalnictwo, Gospodarstwa domowe, Zachowania społeczne
City, Dwellings, Housing, Households, Social behaviour
Uwagi
streszcz., summ.
Abstrakt
Badacze wzorców mobilności miejskiej i preferencji mieszkaniowych mieszkańców miast zadają często pytanie, czy procesy te mają charakter uniwersalny, czy też są specyficzne dla konkretnych lokalizacji. Jest to interesujące szczególnie w miastach postindustrialnych i postsocjalistycznych w kontekście dynamicznie zachodzących w nich przemian demograficznych i przestrzennych (w tym ich jednoczesnego kurczenia się demograficznego i suburbanizacji). Natomiast w kontekście mieszkalnictwa interesujące jest, na ile cykl życia takich miast jest zbieżny z cyklem życia jego gospodarstw domowych. Aby odpowiedzieć na te pytania, na próbie 1113 osób przeprowadzono badanie deklarowanych preferencji mieszkaniowych trzeciego co do wielkości miasta w Polsce - Łodzi. Pozwoliło ono zidentyfikować czynniki decydujące o chęci wyprowadzenia się lub pozostania w obecnym miejscu zamieszkania, w tym to, w jakim stopniu na preferencje te wpływa otoczenie fizyczne i społeczne nieruchomości, czyli tzw. udogodnienia miejskie. Ponad połowa (56%) respondentów zadeklarowała, że wolałaby mieszkać w innej okolicy niż obecna. Zgodnie z modelem cyklu życia gospodarstwa domowego, głównym czynnikiem oddziałującym na preferencje mieszkaniowe w Łodzi jest wiek, podczas gdy udogodnienia miejskie odgrywają mniej istotną rolę. Najmłodsza grupa wiekowa deklaruje przy tym chęć mieszkania w centrum miasta, natomiast osoby ze średnich i najstarszych grup wiekowych preferują zamieszkiwanie przedmieść. Ponadto mieszkający w domach jednorodzinnych wolą pozostać w obecnej lokalizacji, w przeciwieństwie do osób zamieszkujących inne typy budynków.(abstrakt oryginalny)

Researchers of urban mobility patterns and residential preferences of urban dwellers increasingly inquire whether these processes are universal or place-specific. It is also interesting in the context of processes taking place in post-industrial and post-socialist cities, considering their rapid demographic and spatial transformations (e.g. the process of shrinkage, which is simultaneous with the process of suburbanization). In turn, in the context of housing mechanisms, it is interesting how much the urban life cycle coincides with the life cycle of its households. To address this question, we conducted a study based on an extensive stated preferences survey (N = 1113) from Poland's third-largest city - Lodz. It allowed us to statistically elaborate on the determinants of the preference to move from an existing home to a new location and to what extent the physical and social environment of the properties, defined through the lenses of urban amenities, affects such decisions. We found that 56% of respondents declared that they would prefer to live in a different neighbourhood than the ones they currently live. In line with the household's life cycle model, age was the main driving factor, while urban amenities played a minor role in determining location preferences. The youngest age group preferred to live in the city centre, while late-middle age groups preferred to move to the suburbs. Also, people living in single-family houses strongly preferred to stay in their current location, compared to those inhabiting all other types of buildings.(original abstract)
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ISSN
2353-1428
Język
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.14746/rrpr.2023.64.13
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