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Karimi Sirvan (York University)
The Democratisation Failure in the Middle East: Causes and Prospects
Niepowodzenie demokratyzacji na Bliskim Wschodzie: przyczyny i perspektywy
International Studies : Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal, 2022, vol. 29, nr 1, s. 27-48, bibliogr. 66 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Demokracja, Liberalizm, Religia
Democracy, Liberalism, Religion
summ., streszcz.
Bliski Wschód
Middle East
Wśród analityków i ekspertów ds. polityki bliskowschodniej utarło się, że szanse na powodzenie procesu demokratyzacji w tym regionie zależą od polityki zagranicznej Stanów Zjednoczonych i ich zachodnich sojuszników. W przeciwieństwie do dominujących interpretacji niepowodzenia demokratyzacji na Bliskim Wschodzie, w artykule przedstawiono argumenty na rzecz tezy o silnym zbiorczym wpływie na utrzymywanie się niesprzyjającego demokracji klimatu przez czynniki, takie jak historyczna skłonność lewicowych partii i organizacji do utożsamiania antyimperializmu z wrogością wobec liberalnych wartości, ograniczony zakres industrializacji oraz zaszczepiona na gruncie kulturowym i religijnym lojalność wobec rozbieżnych zasad. (abstrakt oryginalny)

It has almost become conventional wisdom among analysts and experts on Middle Eastern politics to relate the fate of the democratisation process and its failure in the region to the foreign policy platforms of the USA and its Western allies. Contrary to the prevailing interpretations of democratisation failure in the Middle East, it will be argued that the historical proclivity of leftist organisations and parties to conflate anti-imperialism with fostering hostility towards liberal values, the limited scope of industrialisation, and culturally and religiously ingrained competing loyalties are factors that have cumulatively made a significant contribution to the cultivation of a socio-political environment that is not receptive to democracy. (original abstract)
Pełny tekst
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