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Autor
Kotowska Irena E.
Tytuł
Demograficzne uwarunkowania rynku pracy w wybranych krajach Europy
Demographic Determinants of the Situation on the Labour Market in the Selected European Countries
Źródło
Zeszyty Naukowe / Szkoła Główna Handlowa. Kolegium Gospodarki Światowej, 2004, nr 15, s. 52-81, bibliogr. 14 poz.; tab.
Słowa kluczowe
Rynek pracy, Przemiany demograficzne, Analiza demograficzna, Prognozowanie demograficzne
Labour market, Demographic transformation, Demographic analysis, Demographic forecasting
Uwagi
summ.
Kraj/Region
Europa
Europe
Abstrakt
W opracowaniu skoncentrowano rozważania na dwóch podstawowych kwestiach związanych z demograficznymi uwarunkowaniami rynku pracy w Polsce i Europie: - zmianach liczby i struktury ludności w wieku produkcyjnym, determinujących zmiany wielkości potencjalnych zasobów pracy i ich starzenie; - zmianach proporcji między osobami w wieku produkcyjnym i poprodukcyjnym, wynikających ze zmian wielkości zasobów pracy i starzenia się ludności.

Gradual weakening in the dynamics of the number of the European population and a growth in the number and share of people aged 60 years and more (or 65 years and more), has been a subject for discussion for at least two decades. At the beginning its main participants were demographers, then representatives of other sciences joined in, particularly economy, sociology, medicine and social policy. In the nineties, a decreasing rate of growth in the number of population at the working age and ageing of labour force were brought to the researchers attention. Together with decreasing economic activity of people in older groups of the working age, these changes lead to much stronger worsening of relation between the number of the employed and the number of retirement pay beneficiaries, than may be indicated by demographic changes. The Author's analysis concentrates on : - changes in the number and structure of population at the working age determining changes in potential labour resources and their ageing; - changes in proportions between persons at the working and post-working age resulting from the changes in the size of labour resources and population ageing; The reflection concerns the European Union countries (except Luxembourg) and 10 countries of the Central and East Europe (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Poland, Romania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), and also Switzerland and Norway. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Avramov D., Mašková M., 2002, Active ageing in Europe, Strasbourg Council of Europe.
  2. Blöndal S., Scarpetta S., 1999a, The retirement decisions in OECD countries, Economics Department Working Paper no. 202, OECD, Paris.
  3. Blöndal S., Scarpetta S., 1999b, Early retirement in OECD countries: the role of social security systems, OECD Economic Studies no. 29,1997/II. Paris.
  4. P. 2002. "European Union policy for older workers", paper presented at the second thematic NIEPS workshop on: Ageing, intergenerational solidarity and age-specific vulnerabilities, The Hague, September 27-28, 2002.
  5. Witkowski J., 2003, Demographic determinants of the labour market in Poland, [w:] I.E. Kotowska, J. Jóźwiak, A population of Central and Eastern Europe. Challenges and Opportunities, European Population Conference, Warsaw, 26-30 August 2003.
  6. Eurostat, 1999, "Central European Countries' Employment and Labour Market Review" No. 1.
  7. Henkens K., Van Dalen H.P., 2003, Early retirement systems and behavior in an international perspective, [w:] G.A. Adams, T.A. Beehr. Retirement research: Current perspectives and future directions, New York, Springer.
  8. Kapteyn A., de Vos К., 1998, Social security and labour force participation in the Netherlands, "American Economic Review" 88.
  9. Kotowska I.E., 2003, Older workers in the labour market and retirement policies, Working Papers No. 9, Strasbourg, Council of Europe.
  10. Mašková M., 2002, Demography of ageing: between country similarities and differences, [w:] D. Avramov, M. Mašková, Active ageing in Europe, Strasbourg, Council of Europe.
  11. Rutkowski M., 2002, The future of pensions in Europe: paradigmatic and parametric reforms in EU accession countries in the context of EU pension systems changes, paper presented at the second thematic NIEPS workshop on: Ageing, intergenerational solidarity and age-specific vulnerabilities, The Hague.
  12. Van Dalen H.P., Henkens K., 2002, Early retirement reform: can it and will it work, "Ageing and Society" No. 22.
  13. Taylor P., 2002, European Union policy for older workers, paper presented at the second thematic NIEPS workshop on : Ageing, intergenerational solidarity and-specific vulnerabilities, The Hague.
  14. Witkowski J., 2003, Demographic determinants of the labour market in Poland, w : I.E. Kotowska, J. Jóźwiak, A population of Central and Eastern Europe. Challenges and Opportunities, European Population Conference, Warsaw.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1428-1457
Język
pol
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